The Tōhoku region (東北地方, Tōhoku-chihō) is one of Japan's traditional regions. The Japanese conventions of geography and history divide the nation into eight regions, including the Tōhoku region. These have been used since 1905 as basic units for description and comparison and as cultural markers.
In the late 7th century, the Tōsandō region were identified as one of the eight largest administrative areas of the Imperial system (ritsuryo seido).
Gokishichidō is an ancient system of names for parts of the country, including Tōsandō. Tōhoku covers the northern area of the island of Honshū in roughly the same area as the traditional Tōsandō.
In the Meiji period, the modern regional system was made by Imperial decree. Japan was divided into regions (chihō), including the Tōhoku region. A regional council (chihō gyōsei kyōgisai) was headed by the governor of the most powerful prefecture in the regional grouping. The council also included regional chiefs of central government ministries.
The Tōhoku University was built in 1907.
The region occupies the northeastern part of Honshu, which is the largest Japanese island.
The region has six prefectures. From north to south, they are:
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