Table Mountain

mountain in Cape Town, South Africa

Table Mountain is a flat-topped mountain overlooking the city of Cape Town in South Africa. It is 1084.6 meters (3,563-feet) tall, of sandstone and granite. With nearby mountains and Table Bay, it surrounds the central part of Cape Town.

Table Mountain, seen here from the north, is flanked by Devil's Peak, left, and Lion's Head, right.
Cape Peninsula and Table Mountain—Landsat image. Cape Town and the Cape of Good Hope, South Africa, appear in the foreground. The city center is at Table Bay (lower left), next to Table Mountain. The large bay facing right (South) is False Bay.[1]

It is a significant tourist attraction, featured in the flag of Cape Town and other local government insignia.[2] Many visitors use the Table Mountain Aerial Cableway or hike to the top. The mountain forms part of the Table Mountain National Park.



The upper part of the mountain mesa (table) consists Silurian/Ordovician quartzitic sandstone, commonly referred to as Table Mountain Sandstone (TMS). It is highly resistant to weathering and forms steep grey crags.

Below the sandstone is a layer of micaceous shale, which weathers quite readily. The basement of folded metamorphic shales intruded by the Cape Granite are of late Precambrian age.[3][4]


  1. "Cape Town, South Africa, Perspective View". NASA/JPL/NIMA. 2000. Retrieved 2006-12-22.
  2. Cape Town local government services website
  3. "Geology of the Cape Peninsula". University of Cape Town Department of Geological Sciences. Archived from the original on 2010-03-13. Retrieved 2006-07-20.
  4. "The Geology of Table Mountain". CapeConnected. Archived from the original on November 27, 2019. Retrieved July 20, 2006.

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