Open main menu

Talipot palm

species of plant

Corypha umbraculifera, the talipot palm, is a species of palm native to eastern and southern India and Sri Lanka. It is also in Cambodia, Myanmar (Burma), Thailand and the Andaman Islands.[2]

Talipot palm
Corypha umbraculifera-flowering.JPG
Talipot palm flowering at Kerala, India
Scientific classification
Kingdom:
(unranked):
(unranked):
(unranked):
Order:
Family:
Genus:
Species:
C. umbraculifera
Binomial name
Corypha umbraculifera
Synonyms[1]
  • Bessia sanguinolenta Raf.
  • Corypha guineensis L.

It is one of the largest palms in the world. Individuals have reached up to 25 m (82 ft) with stems up to 1.3 m (4.25 ft) in diameter.[3] It is a fan palm (Arecaceae tribe Corypheae), with large leaves up to 5 m (16 ft) in diameter, with a leaf stem up to 4 m (13 ft), and up to 130 leaflets.

The talipot palm bears the largest inflorescence of any plant, 6-8 m (20-26 ft) long, consisting of one to several million small flowers borne on a branched stalk at the top of the trunk.[4] The talipot palm flowers only once,[5] when it is 30 to 80 years old. It takes about a year for the fruit to mature, producing thousands of round, yellow-green fruit 3-4 cm (1.2-1.6 in) in diameter, each containing a single seed. The plant dies after fruiting.[6][7]

ReferencesEdit

  1. The Plant List Corypha umbraculifera
  2. Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Corypha umbraculifera
  3. Dominica Botanic Gardens
  4. the titan arum, Amorphophallus titanum, from the family Araceae, has the largest unbranched inflorescence, and the species Rafflesia arnoldii has the world's largest single flower.
  5. is 'monocarpic'
  6. Rafinesque, Constantine Samuel. 1938. Sylva Telluriana. Mantis Synopt. New genera and species of trees and shrubs of North America p 13, Bessia sanguinolenta
  7. Linnaeus, Carl von. 1753. Species Plantarum 2: 1187, Corypha umbraculifera