Lucius Tarquinius Superbus

semi-legendary last king of Rome (r. c. 535 BC - c. 509 BC)
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Lucius Tarquinius Superbus (Tarquin the Proud) was the seventh and last legendary king of ancient Rome. He ruled Rome from 534–510 BC.[1] Many of the stories about him are legends, and are based on earlier Greek and Babylonian stories.[1]

Lucius Tarquinius Superbus
King of Rome
Tarquinius-Superbus.jpg
Lucius Tarquinius Superbus
Reign535 – 509 BC
PredecessorServius Tullius
SuccessorOffice abolished
SpouseTullia
FatherLucius Tarquinius Priscus
MotherTanaquil
Tarquinius Superbus

He used force to become king.[1] He changed the constitution of the Roman Kingdom to give himself complete power and used violence to rule.[1] Many members of the Senate were killed and not replaced. He built large monuments, including a fortified temple.[1] He and his family were forced to leave Rome after a revolt by the people. His son Sextus Tarquinius had raped Lucretia, a married noblewoman. Tarquinius Superbus died in Cumae.[1]

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 "Tarquinius Superbus". nndb.com. 2012 [last update]. Retrieved 9 April 2012. Check date values in: |year= (help)