Tokushima Prefecture

prefecture of Japan

Tokushima Prefecture (徳島県, Tokushima-ken) is a prefecture in the Shikoku region of Japan on the island of Shikoku.[1] The capital city is the city of Tokushima.[2]

Tokushima
徳島県
Japanese transcription(s)
 • RomajiTokushima-ken
Flag of Tokushima
Official seal of Tokushima
Location of Tokushima in Japan
Location of Tokushima in Japan
Coordinates: 34°2′N 134°26′E / 34.033°N 134.433°E / 34.033; 134.433
Country Japan
RegionShikoku
IslandShikoku
CapitalTokushima (city)
Government
 • GovernorKamon Iizumi
Area
 • Total4,144.95 km2 (1,600.37 sq mi)
 • Rank36th
Population
 (October 1, 2001)
 • Total824,108
 • Rank44th
 • Density200/km2 (510/sq mi)
ISO 3166 codeJP-36
Prefectural flowerSudachi (Citrus sudachi)
Prefectural treeYamamomo (Myrica rubra)
Prefectural birdWhite heron
Number of districts8
Number of municipalities24
Websitepref.tokushima.jp/english/

History

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Until the Meiji Restoration, Tokushima prefecture was known as Awa Province.[3]

Timeline

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  • 4th century BC – Rice farming of the Yayoi period in Awa[4]
  • 3rd century AD – Burial mounds of the Kofun period in Awa[4]
  • 8th century – Wooden tablets (mokkan) used for record-keeping in Awa[4]
  • 1586 (Tenshō 14): Tokushima castle.[5]
  • 1625 (Kan'ei 2): Indigo monopoly established[4]
  • 1945 (Shōwa 20): Tokushima City bombed by Allied planes[4]

Geography

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Tokushima is in the northeastern part of Shikoku. The prefecture faces the Seto Inland Sea and the Pacific Ocean. Kagawa Prefecture is to the northeast. Ehime Prefecture is to the west. Kōchi Prefecture is to the southeast.

Tokushima and Kagawa have disagreed about sharing water for a since the 1850s. The Yanase Dam was built in 1953.[6]

Cities

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Towns and villages

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Towns and villages in each district:

Aizumi
Itano
Kamiita
Kitajima
Matsushige
Kaiyō
Minami
Mugi
Kamikatsu
Katsuura
Tsurugi
Higashimiyoshi
Sanagōchi
Ishii
Kamiyama
Naka

National Parks

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National Parks are established in about 9% of the total land area of the prefecture.[7]

Shrines and Temples

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Ōasahiko jinja is the chief Shinto shrine (ichinomiya) in the prefecture. [8]

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References

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  1. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Tokushima prefecture" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 980; Japan External Trade Organization(JETRO), Tokushima Prefecture, Regional Information Archived 2013-01-27 at the Wayback Machine; retrieved 2012-4-6.
  2. Nussbaum, "Tokushima" at p. 980.
  3. Nussbaum, "Awa no Kuni" at p. 62; "Provinces and prefectures" at p. 780.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 Tokushima Prefectural Museum, Permanent exhibitions Archived 2012-03-09 at the Wayback Machine; retrieved 2011-11-22.
  5. Japan Cultural Profile, Tokushima Castle Museum; retrieved 201122-22.
  6. Berga, L. (2006). Dams and Reservoirs, Societies and Environment in the 21st Century, Vol. 1, p. 41.
  7. Japan Ministry of the Environment, "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture"; retrieved 2012-3-13.
  8. "Nationwide List of Ichinomiya," p. 3 Archived 2013-05-17 at the Wayback Machine; retrieved 2012-2-9.

Other websites

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  Media related to Tokushima prefecture at Wikimedia Commons