Treaty of Nanking

peace treaty which ended the First Opium War between British and China on 29 August 1842

The British forced China to sign the Treaty of Nanking after China lost the First Opium War in 1842. The treaty stated that China had to give Britain Hong Kong, 2 billion dollars cash, and open 5 port cities. This led China to give up sovereignty to Europe.[1]


  1. "Treaty of Nanjing (Nanking), 1842". University of Southern California: U.S.-China Institute. Retrieved February 6, 2021.