settlement in Trøndelag Municipality, Norway

audio speaker iconTrondheim  is a city and municipality in the county of Sør-Trøndelag, Norway. With 212,660 people that live there (as of August 2023), Trondheim is Norway's third largest municipality.[1] It is also has the fourth biggest urban area in Norway, with a population of about 186,364.[2]

Stiftstaden (English: "The Diocese City")
From upper left: view of the outer city from the sky, Verftsbrua bridge, Trondheim Central Station, and the inner city with Nidaros Cathedral.
Flag of Trondheim
Coat of arms of Trondheim
 • City212,660 Increase[1]
 • Urban

History change

The city of Trondheim was founded in 997.[3][4][5] It was frequently used as the seat of the king, and was capital of Norway until 1217. In the Middle Ages, Trondheim was the site of several battles, including the battle between King Sverre and Erling Skakke, in 1179.[6] The city has experienced several major fires - the most devastating in 1651 and 1681. The 1651 fire destroyed 90% of the buildings in Trondheim, and the 1681 fire led to a total reconstruction of the city.

The city of Trondheim became a municipality January 1, 1838. The rural municipalities of Byneset, Leinstrand, Strinda and Tiller were joined into Trondheim on January 1, 1964.

Since 1981, caves surrounding the city have been home to materiel from the Marine Corps Prepositioning Program-Norway.

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References change

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Trondheim – 1601 (Sør-Trøndelag)". (in Norwegian). Archived from the original on 5 February 2022. Retrieved 21 August 2023.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Folkemengde og areal i tettsteder 1. januar" [Population and area in urban areas on 1 January]. (in Norwegian). Archived from the original on 23 June 2017. Retrieved 1 January 2019.
  3. Sjåvik, Jan (2010). The A to Z of Norway (The A to Z Guide Series Book 234). Scarecrow Press. p. 203. ISBN 9780810872134. Archived from the original on 28 May 2021. Retrieved 21 August 2023.
  4. "Trondheim | History, Culture & Attractions | Britannica". Encyclopædia Britannica. 2023-08-09. Retrieved 2023-08-21. It was founded in 997 by King Olaf I Tryggvason as the village of Kaupangr; he built a church and a royal residence, Kongsgård, there.
  5. Nikel, David (2020-06-19). "The History of Trondheim". Life in Norway. Retrieved 2023-08-21. Most historians accept that Olav Tryggvason founded Trondheim in the year 997.
  6. "Sverresborg". Berloga Workshop. 3 October 2020. Retrieved 2023-08-21. During the spring of 1179, Magnus arrived with his army. The two armies met on June 19 in the Battle of Kalvskinnet (Slaget på Kalvskinnet) with the result being a clear victory for Sverre, securing his grip on Trøndelag. Magnus Erlingsson again attacked Trøndelag in the spring of 1180.

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