Uriel (Hebrew: אוּרִיאֵל, Greek: Ουριήλ, Coptic: ⲟⲩⲣⲓⲏⲗ, meaning “God is my light” or “fire of God”) is an archangel in Jewish and Christian traditions. The Eastern Orthodox, Oriental Orthodox and Anglicans call him “Saint Uriel the Archangel” or simply “Saint Uriel”.
|Venerated in||Rabbinic Judaism, Anglicanism, Eastern Catholicism, Eastern Orthodoxy, Oriental Orthodoxy, Esoteric Christianity|
|Feast||September 29 (Western), November 8 (Eastern), 28 July (Ethiopian)|
|Attributes||Archangel; Fire in palm; Carrying a book, a scroll, a flaming sword and a disc of the sun.|
|Patronage||Arts, confirmation, poetry|
In Judaism and ChristianityEdit
The Roman Catholic Church only recognizes three archangels which are mentioned in the Bible: Michael, Gabriel and Raphael. But according to the certain rabbinic and Christian traditions, there are four or even seven archangels, Uriel is generally the fourth. In the Deuterocanonical book 2 Esdras, Uriel is sent by God to answer the questions which are asked by Ezra.
The role of Uriel in Christian apocryphal traditions is different from answering Ezra's questions. He is said to have rescued John the Baptist from the Massacre of the Innocents(the murder of all boys under the age of two in the area of Bethlehem) as a child and reunited him and his mother Saint Elizabeth with John's cousin, Jesus. This is shown in Leonardo da Vinci's painting Virgin of the Rocks.
Uriel is often described as a cherub and the angel of repentance and is the angel at the Gate of Eden. In The Apocalypse of Peter, Uriel is shown to be as cruel as any demon when enforcing repentance. He is also supposed to be one of the angels that buried Adam and Abel in Eden.
- Bunson, Matthew (2010). Angels A to Z: A Who's Who of the Heavenly Host. New York: Potter/Ten Speed/Harmony/Rodale. p. 103. ISBN 9780307554369.
In the orthodox churches of Egypt and Ethiopia, the Christians celebrate July 28 in honor of the archangel Uriel.
- "Window 33: Archangel Uriel". stpaulswinstonsalem.org. Retrieved 3 April 2019.
He is a patron of the arts and the patron saint of the sacrament of Confirmation.
- "Christ Triumphant (High Altar)". www.stjohnsmemphis.org. Retrieved 3 April 2019.
He is the keeper of beauty and light […] He holds in his right hand a Greek Ionic column which symbolizes perfection in aesthetics and man-made beauty.
- "The Apocryphon of John". marcion.sourceforge.net. 1 April 2011. Retrieved 12 December 2017.
- Isidore Singer, Ludwig Blau. "URIEL". Jewish Encyclopedia. Retrieved 11 December 2017.
- "Books of Adam". Wikipedia. 2019-06-02.
- Vonier, Anscar (1964). The Teaching of the Catholic Church.