Var (river)

river in Southern France
Coordinates: 43°39′15″N 7°12′0″E / 43.65417°N 7.20000°E / 43.65417; 7.20000

The Var (Latin: Varus) is a river in southeastern France. It is a right tributary of the Rhône river.It gave its name to the French department of Var. It is a unique case in France of a river not flowing in the department named after it (see Var)

The Var river in Entrevaux
The Var river in Entrevaux
Country  France
Region Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
Departments Alpes-Maritimes, Alpes-de-Haute-Provence
 - left Tinée, Vésubie
 - right Estéron
Cities Nice, Saint-Laurent-du-Var
Source Alpes-Maritines
 - location Entraunes, Jura, France
 - elevation 1,790 m (5,873 ft)
 - coordinates 44°14′18″N 6°45′6″E / 44.23833°N 6.75167°E / 44.23833; 6.75167
Mouth Mediterranean Sea
 - location Between Nice and Saint-Laurent-du-Var, Alpes-Maritimes, France
 - elevation m (0 ft)
 - coordinates 43°39′15″N 7°12′0″E / 43.65417°N 7.20000°E / 43.65417; 7.20000
Length 113.8 km (71 mi)
Basin 2,819 km² (1,088 sq mi)
Discharge for Nice
 - average 50.40 /s (1,780 cu ft/s)
Wikimedia Commons: Var River


The Var river has a length of 113.8 km (70.7 mi), and a drainage basin with an area of 2,819 km2 (1,088 sq mi).[1]

Its average yearly discharge (volume of water which passes through a section of the river per unit of time) is 50.40 m3/s (1,780 cu ft/s) at Nice (Pont Napoléon III) in the Alpes-Maritimes department.[2]


Source of the Var in Estenc

The source of the Var is in the small town of Estenc, in the commune of Entraunes, at an altitude of about 1,790 m (5,873 ft), to the south of the Col de la Cayolle, a mountain pass 2,326 m (7,631 ft) high, in the Alpes-Maritimes department.[3] From here, the Var flows, in general, to the southeast.

The Var flows through the Alpes-Maritimes department for most of its length; it flows through the Alpes-de-Haute-Provence department for a short distance, about 15 km (9.3 mi).

The Var between Nice and Saint-Laurent-du-Var

The Var river flows through 1 region (Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur), 2 departments and 31 communes. It flows through the following communes, among others:[1]

Finally, it flows into the Mediterranean Sea between Nice and Saint-Laurent-du-Var.[4]

Main tributariesEdit

The five main tributaries of the Var river are:[1]

Related pagesEdit


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "Le Var (Y6--0200)" (in French). SANDRE - Portail national d'accès aux référentiels sur l'eau. Retrieved 19 November 2016.
  2. "Le Var à Nice [Pont Napoléon III]". Banque Hydro (in French). Ministère de l'Ecologie, du Développement Durable et de l'Energie. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 19 November 2016.
  3. "Source du Var" (in French). Géoportail. Retrieved 20 November 2016.
  4. "Embouchure du Var" (in French). Géoportail. Retrieved 20 November 2016.