Vipava (river)

river in Slovenia
Coordinates: 45°53′57″N 13°33′14″E / 45.89917°N 13.55389°E / 45.89917; 13.55389

The Vipava (in Slovene), Vipacco (in Italian) or Vipau (in Friulian)[1] is a river that flows through western Slovenia and northeastern Italy.

Karst spring of river Vipava
Karst spring of river Vipava
Country  Slovenia
Municipalities Vipava, Ajdovščina, Nova Gorica, Renče–Vogrsko, Miren–Kostanjevica, Savogna d'Isonzo
 - location Vipava, Slovenia
 - elevation 110 m (361 ft)
 - coordinates 46°50′41″N 13°57′52″E / 46.84472°N 13.96444°E / 46.84472; 13.96444
Mouth Soča
 - location Savogna d'Isonzo, Slovenia
 - coordinates 45°53′57″N 13°33′14″E / 45.89917°N 13.55389°E / 45.89917; 13.55389
Length 49 km (30 mi)
Basin 760 km² (293 sq mi)
 - average 17.3 /s (611 cu ft/s)
Wikimedia Commons: Vipava (river)

The Battle of the Frigidus was fought in 394 near the river, which was named Frigidus ('cold') by the Romans.


Podskala park at the karst spring of the Vipava.

The Vipava river has a length of 49 km (30 mi), 44 km (27 mi) in Slovenia and 5 km (3 mi) in Italy.[2] Its drainage basin has an area of about 760 km2 (293 sq mi) (598 km2 (231 sq mi) in Slovenia).[2]

The river flows through the southern part of the Vipava valley; this valley goes from the village of Podnamos, Slovenia, to Savogna d'Isonzo, in Italy.


The source of the Vipava is close to the city of Vipava,[3] in the municipality of Vipava, western Slovenia, at an altitude of 110 m (361 ft).[2]

From its source, the Vipava flows to the northwest and follows this direction through the Vipava valley. It passes through the Slovenian municipalities of Vipava, Ajdovščina, Nova Gorica, Renče–Vogrsko and Miren–Kostanjevica. Then, at an altitude of 35 m (115 ft),[2] the river crosses the border and gets into the Italian comune of Savogna d'Isonzo (Friuli-Venezia Giulia region) and finally joins the Soča river.[3]

There are not important tributaries, only very small streams.


Related pagesEdit


  1. "Denominazioni toponimiche ufficiali in lingua friulana" (PDF) (in Italian). ARLeF. 9 February 2014. Archived from the original (pdf) on 8 October 2014. Retrieved 2 September 2014.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 "Reke, dolge nad 25 km, in njihova padavinska obmocja" [Rivers, longer than 25 km, and their catchment areas] (in Slovenian and English). Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia. 2002. Retrieved 9 September 2014.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Kart over Vipava" (in Slovenian). Retrieved 9 September 2014.

Other websitesEdit