place where water flows over a steep or vertical drop

A waterfall is a place where water rushes down a steep ledge. The water flows from higher land, then it falls down a big step of rock to lower land of softer rock where it will continue on its journey. Usually the lower land is in a gorge. Waterfalls are usually made when a river is young, in places where softer rock is underneath harder rock in the waterfalls.

Small waterfall in Siegen-Wittgenstein, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

Many people like to visit waterfalls. The roar from a big waterfall is very loud. Some people think it is beautiful music and that a waterfall is one of the most beautiful things in nature.[1]

The highest waterfall in the world is Angel Falls in Venezuela where the water falls 979 m (3,212 ft).[2]

Iguaçu Falls on the border of Argentina and Brazil

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  1. Carreck, Rosalind, ed (1982). The Family Encyclopedia of Natural History. The Hamlyn Publishing Group. pp. 246–248. ISBN 0711-20225-7.
  2. Angel, Salto. "World Waterfall Database: World's Tallest Waterfalls". www.world-waterfalls.com. Archived from the original on 2018-03-13. Retrieved 2009-02-25.