Marriage is a union between individual people. It is like a contract. Sometimes people also call this matrimony. The fact of being married is called wedlock. Very often, people celebrate that they are getting married. The ceremony is usually called a wedding.
In most of the world, this is a union between a man and a woman (who become husband and wife). However, such ceremonies can occur between same-sex couples. A civil marriage is secular and is performed by a government official. A religious marriage may be performed by clergy.
The most common form of marriage is a legally binding heterosexual union. Some societies recognize polygamy, which includes polygyny and polyandry. In polygyny, a man may be married to many women; in polyandry a woman may be married to many men. In Senegal, for example, nearly 47 percent of marriages are multiple. A temporary marriage is called a wedlease.
The most common age to get married is between 25 to 30 years old. In the Western world, marriage for love is common. In some other places, relatives may plan an arranged marriage. Romani people tend to marry younger.
There are many reasons why people marry, but they usually include one or more of the following:
- They want to have a family that is legally recognised.
- They want to have children and be able to pass on property or money to their children with fewer problems
- They want to officially declare their love for the other.
- They want to get a certain citizenship of a state or country.
- They want to avail of the many legal and financial benefits of marriage like social security, joint taxes, and health insurances.
- There may be a few cases in which the goal is to pass on culture and heritage, or to ensure inheritance of assets.
Rights and obligationsEdit
Marriage usually leads to rights and obligations to those married, these may include:
- The right to visit the spouse in hospital, or in prison
- The right to make decisions for the spouse, when the spouse is unable to do so.
- The spouses are both responsible for all the debts and obligations of the couple.
Marriage is also about sexual intercourse; being unable to have sex, being unwilling to have sex, or having sex outside the marriage may be a reason to undo the marriage.
Often there is also a spiritual part of marriage. In addition to the civil act (wanted by the state) there is sometimes a religious one. A Christian marriage ceremony usually happens in a church. In a Christian marriage, both partners promise to love each other for the rest of their lives. There are certain restrictions on who can marry or be married; those closely related, like brothers and sisters usually cannot marry. This is usually to prevent genetic problems for the children. Those marrying also have to be of a certain age to be able to marry. If that age is not specified it is usually the age of consent. In Hinduism marriage is considered to be holy and is seen as a union of the goddess "Laxmi" and the god "Narayan".
Some countries and religious communities also permit the union of two partners of the same sex. This is generally known as same-sex marriage. In the Netherlands, the marriage law was changed to allow such unions, called Marriage. Other countries that allow them sometimes have a different name for them.
- Civil union
- Child marriage - usually when a child and an adult get married; in almost all cases, the child is not able to legally agree to the marriage, or the marriage is against the will of the child.
- ↑ Diouf, Nafi (May 2, 2004). "Polygamy hangs on in Africa". The Milwaukee Journal Sentinel.
- ↑ Paul Rampell (August 4, 2013). "A High Divorce Rate Means It's Time to Try 'Wedleases'". Opinion. The Washington Post. Retrieved October 12, 2013.
- ↑ Parker, Tim. "Why Marriage Makes Financial Sense". Investopedia. Retrieved 2020-07-02.
- ↑ Burgerlijk wetboek Artikel 30 (in Dutch)