Wikipedia:Special pages

Wikipedia data structure
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0 (Main/Article) Talk 1
2 User User talk 3
4 Wikipedia Wikipedia talk 5
6 File File talk 7
8 MediaWiki MediaWiki talk 9
10 Template Template talk 11
12 Help Help talk 13
14 Category Category talk 15
828 Module Module talk 829
710 TimedText TimedText talk 711
2300 [[Wikipedia:Gadget|]] 2301
2302 [[Wikipedia:Gadget|]] 2303
Virtual namespaces
-1 Special
-2 Media
Special pages (maintenance) Information
Broken redirects
Dead-end pages Dead-end pages
Dormant pages Forgotten articles
Double redirects Double redirects
Lonely pages Orphaned articles
Long pages
New pages New pages patrol
Protected pages Protection policy
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Uncategorized pages Categorization
Uncategorized categories
Uncategorized templates
Unused categories
Unused files (images)
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Without interwiki links
Most interwiki links
Wanted pages
See also: Maintenance categories

Special pages are pages generated by the software on demand for special purposes, usually related to project maintenance. They are found in the Special: namespace, a virtual namespace whose pages lack corresponding talk pages. They are not written in wikitext and cannot be directly edited but elements of their pages can sometimes be edited through corresponding pages in the MediaWiki namespace. If you make a normal redirect to a special page, the redirect will not be immediately followed (though special pages can be targets of soft redirects), and directly creating any pages beginning with the Special: prefix is also not possible.

Special pages often take parameters. Sometimes these can be supplied after a slash (as in Special:Log/block); in other cases an index.php call is used; for example Also, the content of most special pages depends on preferences that have been set by the user, e.g. classic or enhanced Recent Changes, the number of titles in Recent Changes and the watchlist, etc.

A directory of special pages available for the current user can be accessed from Special:SpecialPages, which is found in the sidebar of every page on Wikipedia in the Tools section.

Modifying special pages change

Although special pages are not themselves editable, they generally contain standard text which is modifiable (although only by administrators). To find the right portion of text, append ?uselang=qqx to the special page URL, or append &uselang=qqx instead if the URL already contains a ?. This will reveal message names in parentheses. Then, go to that name in the MediaWiki namespace. For example, Special:BookSources?uselang=qqx reveals "(booksources-summary)", so MediaWiki:Booksources-summary is used on that page. To propose a modification, leave a {{changeprotected}} request on the talk page of the relevant MediaWiki page. An administrator will make the change if it seems appropriate.

Available special pages change

By function change

General information change

Page listings change

Tools change

Latest changes change

Users change

Global users change
  • Special:CentralAuth (Global account information): global user statistics through the unified login or SUL (single user login). e.g. Special:CentralAuth/Jimbo Wales.
  • Special:GlobalBlockList (List of globally blocked IP addresses): all IP addresses with global blocks.
  • Special:GlobalGroupPermissions (Global group management): lists the rights associated with global user groups. Also lists the members of global user groups, and allows for management of rights.
  • Special:GlobalUsers (Global accounts list): lists users across all Wikimedia wikis, along with global user group membership, and whether their account exists locally on English Wikipedia. Can also be filtered by global user groups.

Personal change

Maintenance change

Miscellaneous change

Restricted change

The following pages can be accessed only by users with certain privileges.

Infrequently updated change

The following special pages are updated on a less regular schedule. Some of these pages may have analogues on cloud services.

Alphabetical order change

A change

B change

C change

D change

E change

F change

G change

H change

I change

L change

M change

N change

O change

P change

Q change

R change

S change

T change

U change

V change

W change

Linking and transcluding change

To create a link to a special page:

It can take a label:

  • [[Special:PrefixIndex/HMS|All HMSs]]All HMSs

To present the list on a page, transclude the name:

  • {{Special:PrefixIndex/HMS}}

However, some pages cannot be transcluded and would produce only a wikilink (e.g., {{Special:Random}}Special:Random). When non-existent pages are linked or transcluded, a red link is produced (e.g., Special:RedLinkExample).[a]

More information on transcludable special pages can be found at en:Help:Transclusion#Special pages.

Links containing URL query strings change

Because the ampersand character (&) is disallowed, it is not possible to create an ordinary link containing &action=edit or &redirect=no in the URL query string.

Special pages in other languages change

The term in the site language equivalent to the English word "Special" and the special page name in English (e.g. "Special:Statistics") is used in each project, for example:

  • "Especial:Estadísticas" in Spanish
  • "Speciaal:Statistieken" in Dutch
  • "Spécial:Statistiques" in French
  • "Spezial:Statistik" in German

These also appear in the URLs. The English word "Special" and the special page name in English (e.g. "Special:Statistics") always works, even on foreign-language sites, but non-English equivalents don't work on English-language projects, nor on other-language project besides the language edition one is on.

See also change

  1. MediaWiki:Nospecialpagetext is the message displayed for non-existent special pages. However, Special:Badtitle is peculiar as it has actual viewable content but is a red link, which is because this special page was intentionally and by design to be considered non-existent (unlike all other valid page names.) See phab:T262959 for more details.

References change

  1. en:Wikipedia:Wikipedia Signpost/Newsroom/Suggestions/Archive 18#Volunteer-initiated extension to be deployed to Wikimedia sites on the English Wikipedia

External links change