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Wine (bishop)

medieval Bishop of London

Wine or Wini ( before 672) was a 7th century Bishop. He was the first Bishop of Winchester. He later became the Bishop of London.

Wine
Bishop of London
DioceseLondon
Appointed666
Reign endedbefore 672
PredecessorCedd
SuccessorErkenwald
Other postsBishop of Winchester
Orders
Consecration660
Personal details
Died671
DenominationCatholic

Bishop of WinchesterEdit

Wine had been ordained in Gaul.[1] In Wessex King Cenwalh of Wessex had grown tired of his current bishop, Agilbert, who apparently did not speak the Anglo-Saxon language. Wine did speak Anglo-Saxon and was invited by Cenwalh to come to Wessex.[2] Cenwalh built a new church at Winchester; dividing his kingdom into two dioceses.[2] There, Wine was consecrated the first bishop of Winchester in 660.[a][4] Agribert took offense at not being consulted and returned to Gaul.[2] King Oswiu of Northumbria appointed a monk named Chad to be bishop to the Northumbrians. He sent Chad to Canterbury to be consecrated Bishop of York. On Chad's arrival in Kent, however, he discovered Archbishop Dusdedit had died.[5] As no successor had yet been appointed, Chad went to Bishop Wine in Wessex to be consecrated. Wine was the only consecrated Bishop in England at the time recognized by the Church at Rome.[5]

Bishop of LondonEdit

Wine was later expelled by Cenwalh and went to King Wulfhere of Mercia. Bede stated that Wine purchased the see (diocese) of London from Wulfhere.[6] Wine remained the Bishop of London until his death.[1] Wine died in 671.[7]

NotesEdit

  1. Wine was the third bishop in Wessex. Birinus was the first and Agribert the second.[3]

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 Peter Hunter Blair, The World of Bede (Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press, 1990). p. 112
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Bede, Ecclesiastical History of the English People, trans. Leo Sherley Price, revsd. R. E. Latham (London; New York: Penguin, 1990), p. 154
  3. Bede, Ecclesiastical History of the English People, trans. Leo Sherley Price, revsd. R. E. Latham (London; New York: Penguin, 1990), p. 223
  4. Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings and Queens (New york: Carroll & Graf, 1999), p. 304
  5. 5.0 5.1 Bede, Ecclesiastical History of the English People, trans. Leo Sherley Price, revsd. R. E. Latham (London; New York: Penguin, 1990), p. 197
  6. D. P. Kirby, The Earliest English Kings, Second Edition (London; New York: Routledge, 2000),p. 49
  7. Thomas Allen, The History and Antiquities of London, Westminster, Southwark and Other Parts Adjacent (London: G. Virtue, 1839), p. 312