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Xerxes the Great was a Shah of Iran (485–465 BC) of Achaemenid Empire. Xerxes was son of Darius I and Atossa, the daughter of Cyrus the Great. After Darius died, Xerxes became the Shah of Iran. At the Battle of Thermopylae, Xerxes defeated Greek warriors. After winning at Thermopylae, Xerxes then took control of Athens with his army. Finally, Greek warriors won the Battle of Salamis against Xerxes in 480 BC.

Xerxes I
King of Persia and Media
Great King
King of Kings
King of Nations
Pharaoh of Egypt
Xerxes Image.png
Rock relief of Xerxes at his tomb in Naqsh-e Rustam
Reign486–465 BC
CoronationOctober 486 BC
Born519 BC
BirthplacePersia
DiedAugust 465 BC (aged 53 or 54)
Place of deathPersia
BuriedPersia
PredecessorDarius I
SuccessorArtaxerxes I
Consort toAmestris, (disputed: Vashti and Queen Esther)
ChildrenDarius
Hystaspes
Artaxerxes I
Arsames
Amytis
DynastyAchaemenid
FatherDarius I
MotherAtossa
Religious beliefsZoroastrianism[1]

The movie 300 is based on Xerxes.

ReferencesEdit

  1. Xerxes made human sacrifice. See Boyce, Mary (1989). A History of Zoroastrianism: The early period, p. 141.

Ancient sourcesEdit

Other websitesEdit

  Media related to Xerxes I at Wikimedia Commons

Xerxes
Born: 519 BC Died: 465 BC
Preceded by
Darius I
King of Kings of Persia
485 BC – 465 BC
Succeeded by
Artaxerxes I
Pharaoh of Egypt
485 BC – 465 BC