Xerxes the Great was a Shah of Iran (485–465 BC) of Achaemenid Empire. Xerxes was son of Darius I and Atossa, the daughter of Cyrus the Great. After Darius died, Xerxes became the Shah of Iran. At the Battle of Thermopylae, Xerxes defeated Greek warriors. After winning at Thermopylae, Xerxes then took control of Athens with his army. Finally, Greek warriors won the Battle of Salamis against Xerxes in 480 BC.
|King of Persia and Media|
King of Kings
King of Nations
Pharaoh of Egypt
Rock relief of Xerxes at his tomb in Naqsh-e Rustam
|King of Persia|
|Coronation||October 486 BC|
|Died||August 465 BC (aged 53 or 54)|
|Spouse||Amestris, (disputed: Vashti and Queen Esther)|
The movie 300 is based on Xerxes.
- Xerxes made human sacrifice. See Boyce, Mary (1989). A History of Zoroastrianism: The early period, p. 141.