Yashwantrao Chavan

6th Deputy Prime Minister of India(1913-1984)

Yashwantrao Balwantrao Chavan (12 March 1913 – 25 November 1984) was an Indian politician. He served as the Deputy Prime Minister of India from 1979 to 1980. He was a strong Congress leader. He is also co-operative leader, social activist and writer. He was popularly known as Leader of Common People.

Yashwantrao Chavan
Yashwantrao Chavan.jpg
5th Deputy Prime Minister of India
In office
28 July 1979 – 14 January 1980
Prime MinisterCharan Singh
Preceded byCharan Singh
Jagjivan Ram
Succeeded byDevi Lal
Minister of Home Affairs
In office
28 July 1979 – 14 January 1980
Prime MinisterCharan Singh
Preceded byHirubhai M. Patel
Succeeded byZail Singh
In office
14 November 1966 – 27 June 1970
Prime MinisterIndira Gandhi
Preceded byGulzarilal Nanda
Succeeded byIndira Gandhi
Minister of External Affairs
In office
10 October 1974 – 24 March 1977
Preceded bySardar Swaran Singh
Succeeded byAtal Bihari Vajpayee
Minister of Finance
In office
27 June 1970 – 10 October 1974
Prime MinisterIndira Gandhi
Preceded byIndira Gandhi
Succeeded byChidambaram Subramaniam
Minister of Defence
In office
14 November 1962 – 14 November 1966
Prime MinisterJawaharlal Nehru
Gulzarilal Nanda (Acting)
Lal Bahadur Shastri
Gulzarilal Nanda (Acting)
Indira Gandhi
Preceded byJawaharlal Nehru
Succeeded bySardar Swaran Singh
1st Chief Minister of Maharashtra
In office
1 May 1960 – 14 November 1962
GovernorSri Prakasa
P. Subbarayan
Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit
Preceded by Position established
Succeeded byMarotrao Kannamwar
3rd Chief Minister of Bombay State
In office
1 November 1956 – 30 April 1960
GovernorHarekrushna Mahatab
Sri Prakasa
Preceded byMorarji Desai
Succeeded by office abolished
Personal details
Born
Yashwantrao Balwantrao Chavan

(1913-03-12)12 March 1913
Karad, Satara district, Bombay Presidency, British India
Died25 November 1984(1984-11-25) (aged 71)
New Delhi, India
Resting placeYashwantrao Chavan Samadhi, Karad
Political partyIndian National Congress (Before 1977; 1981–1984)
Other political
affiliations
Indian National Congress-Urs (1977)
Janata Party (1977–1978)
Indian National Congress-Socialist (1978–1981)
Spouse(s)Venutai Chavan
Alma materUniversity of Mumbai,ILS Law College
Chavan with his family.

Early lifeEdit

Yashwantrao Chavan was born in a Maratha[1][2] family on 12 March 1913 in the village of Devrashtre in Satara District (now in Sangli District) of Maharashtra, India. He had three siblings. Chavan lost his father in his early childhood and was brought up by his uncle and mother.

Chavan was an active participant in the struggle for independence of India. As a schoolboy in Karad in 1930, he was fined for his participation in the Non-cooperation Movement led by Mahatma Gandhi. In 1932, he was sentenced to 18 months in prison for hoisting the Indian flag in Satara.

Death and legacyEdit

Yashwantrao Chavan died of a heart attack on 25 November 1984 in Delhi. He was aged 71 years.

LegacyEdit

  • Yashwantrao Chavan holds the record of being the only Maharashtrian leader. He held the 4 most important post in the Union government. They are Home, External Affairs, Defence and Finance.
  • When Yashwantrao was appointed Federal Defence minister following the China war in 1962, a popular saying arose in Maharashtra- "हिमालयाच्या हाकेला धावला सह्याद्री" ("Himalayachya Hakela Dhavla Sahyadri"), translated in English, Sahyadri (the mountain range that separates Konkan from the Deccan Plateau) came rushing on the call (for help) by the Himalaya.
  • During the 1960s and early 70s when Yashwantrao was at the peak of his power and influence, he was called Pratishivaji or New Shivaji.[3]

Yashwantrao Chavan Pratishtan (Foundation)Edit

  • In 1985, soon after his death,Yashwantrao Chavan Pratishtan (Foundation) was established in Bombay.
  • In 2010, The Pratishtan instituted a corpus at the Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses (IDSA) for the conduct of an annual Y B Chavan Memorial lecture. Yashwantrao was the founding President of IDSA.[4] The inaugural lecture in 2010 was delivered by Prof. Sunil Khilnani. Prof. Kanti Bajpai, and Ambassador Kanwal Sibal delivered the 2011 and 2012 lectures respectively[5]

Places named after Yashwantrao ChavanEdit

Other websitesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. R. D. Pradhan; Madhav Godbole (1999). Debacle to Revival: Y.B. Chavan as Defence Minister, 1962-65. Orient Blackswan. p. 95. ISBN 978-81-250-1477-5.
  2. Jadhav, V., 2006. Elite politics and Maharashtra's Employment Guarantee Scheme. Economic and Political Weekly, pp.5157-5162.
  3. Sirsikar, V.M. (1999). Kulkarni, A.R.; Wagle, N.K. (eds.). State intervention and popular response : western India in the nineteenth century. Mumbai: Popular Prakashan. p. 9. ISBN 81-7154-835-0.
  4. "Inaugural Y.B. Chavan Memorial Lecture". IDSA. Retrieved 8 December 2012.
  5. "Past Y B Chavan Memorial Lectures". IDSA. Retrieved 8 December 2012.
Political offices
New office Chief Ministers of Maharashtra
1960–1962
Succeeded by
Marotrao Kannamwar
Preceded by
Jawaharlal Nehru
Minister of Defence
1962–1966
Succeeded by
Sardar Swaran Singh
Preceded by
Gulzarilal Nanda
Minister of Home Affairs
1966–1970
Succeeded by
Indira Gandhi
Preceded by
Indira Gandhi
Minister of Finance
1971–1974
Succeeded by
Chidambaram Subramaniam
Preceded by
Sardar Swaran Singh
Minister of External Affairs
1974–1977
Succeeded by
Atal Bihari Vajpayee
Preceded by
Charan Singh
Deputy Prime Minister of India
1979–1980
Succeeded by
Devi Lal
Preceded by
Jagjivan Ram
Preceded by
Hirubhai M. Patel
Minister of Home Affairs
1979–1980
Succeeded by
Zail Singh