Deputy Prime Minister of India

Deputy head of the government of India

The Deputy Prime Minister of India (IAST: Bhārat kē Uppradhānamantrī) is the deputy head of the Government of India. It is the second highest ranking member of the Union Council of Ministers.[1] A deputy prime minister usually also holds a cabinet portfolio such as the home minister, defence minister or finance minister. In the parliamentary system of government, the prime minister is treated as the "first among equals" in the cabinet; the position of deputy prime minister is used to bring political stability and strength within a coalition government or in times of national emergency, when a proper chain of command is necessary.

Deputy Prime Minister of India
भारत के ऊपप्रधान मंत्री
(Bhārat kē Uppradhānamantrī)
Member ofParliament of India
Union Council of Ministers
NominatorPrime Minister of India
AppointerPresident of India
Inaugural holderVallabhbhai Patel (1947–1950)
Formation15 August 1947; 76 years ago (1947-08-15)

The office is having been occupied for a little more than 11 years out of the 73 years since its establisment.



The first deputy prime minister was Vallabhbhai Patel. He occupied the post for 3 years until his death in 1950. The post was empty until Morarji Desai became the second deputy prime minister in 1967.

L. K. Advani served as the seventh deputy prime minister in Atal Bihari Vajpayee's cabinet from 2002 to 2004.


List of Deputy Prime Ministers of India
No. Officeholder
Portrait Term of office Political party
Prime Minister
1 Vallabhbhai Patel
(Minister of Home Affairs)
  15 August 1947 15 December 1950 3 years, 122 days Indian National Congress Jawaharlal Nehru
Vacant (15 December 1950 – 21 March 1967)
2 Morarji Desai
(Minister of Finance)
  21 March 1967 6 December 1969 2 years, 260 days Indian National Congress Indira Gandhi
Vacant (6 December 1969 – 24 January 1979)
3 Charan Singh
(Minister of Finance)
  24 January 1979 [2] 28 July 1979 185 days Janata Party Morarji Desai
4 Jagjivan Ram
(Minister of Defence)
5 Yashwantrao Chavan
(Minister of Home Affairs)
  28 July 1979 14 January 1980 170 days Indian National Congress (Socialist) Charan Singh
Vacant (14 January 1980 – 2 December 1989)
6 Devi Lal
(Minister of Agriculture)
  2 December 1989 10 November 1990 1 year, 201 days Janata Dal
(National Front)
Vishwanath Pratap Singh
10 November 1990 21 June 1991 Chandra Shekhar
Vacant (21 June 1991 – 5 February 2002)
7 L. K. Advani
(Minister of Home Affairs and Minister of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions)
  5 February 2002 22 May 2004 2 years, 107 days Bharatiya Janata Party
Atal Bihari Vajpayee


  1. Rajendran, S. (2012-07-13). "Of Deputy Chief Ministers and the Constitution". The Hindu. Retrieved 7 November 2017.