Prime Minister of India

Leader of the executive of the Government of India

The Prime Minister of India, is the head of government and chief executive of India. The Prime Minister is the head of the federal cabinet and the union council of ministers as well as the leader of the majority party in parliament of India. The Prime Minister directs the executive and legislative branch of the government of India. The position of prime minister is the highest executive office of the state government.

Prime Minister of the
Republic of India
भारत के प्रधानमंत्री of India
Emblem of India.svg
Emblem of Govt of India
Flag of India.svg
Shri Narendra Modi.jpg
Narendra Modi
Government of India
Prime Minister's Office
StyleMr. Prime Minister
The Honourable
Member ofCabinet
NITI Aayog
Parliament of India
Reports toParliament of India
President of India
New Delhi
AppointerPresident of India
Term lengthThe Prime Minister is the leader of the victorious party. No term limits are imposed on the office.
Inaugural holderJawaharlal Nehru
FormationConstitution of India
SalaryINR20 lakh (US$34,000) (annual, including INR960,000 (US$16,000) MP's salary)[1]
WebsitePrime Minister's Office

The Prime Minister appoints the Council of Ministers, distributes portfolios among them, acts as the link between the Council of Ministers and the President and is the chief spokesperson of India's foreign policy.

The current prime minister is Narendra Modi. He was sworn in on 26 May 2014.

Role and Power of the Prime MinisterEdit

The Prime Minister is responsible in aiding the President in his/her work relating to the government. The Prime Minister, in consultation with the Cabinet, schedules and attends the sessions of the Houses of Parliament and is required to answer the question from the Members of Parliament.

Some specific ministries/department are not allocated to anyone in the cabinet but the Prime Minister himself. The Prime Minister is usually always in-charge/head of:

  • Appointments Committee of the Cabinet;
  • Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions;
  • Ministry of Planning;
  • Department of Atomic Energy; and
  • Department of Space.

The Prime Minister also represents the country in various international meetings, conferences and organizations.

Selection processEdit


A Prime Minister must be:

  • a citizen of India.
  • should be a member of the Lok Sabha or Rajya Sabha. If a person elected prime minister is neither a member of the Lok Sabha nor Rajya Sabha, then he must become a member of the Lok Sabha or Rajya Sabha within six months.
  • of above 25 years of age (in the case of a seat in the Lok Sabha) or above 30 years of age (in the case of a seat in the Rajya Sabha).


Oath of office:

I, <name>, do swear in the name of God/solemnly affirm that I will bear true faith and allegiance to the Constitution of India as by law established, that I will uphold the sovereignty and integrity of India, that I will faithfully and conscientiously discharge my duties as prime minister for the Union and that I will do right to all manner of people in accordance with the Constitution and the law, without fear or favour, affection or ill-will.

— Constitution of India, Third Schedule, Part I

Oath of secrecy:

I, <name>, do swear in the name of God/solemnly affirm that I will not directly or indirectly communicate or reveal to any person or persons any matter which shall be brought under my consideration or shall become known to me as Prime Minister for the Union except as may be required for the due discharge of my duties as such Minister.

— Constitution of India, Third Schedule, Part II

List of Prime MinistersEdit


  1. "Pay & Allowances of the Prime Minister" (PDF). Retrieved 14 June 2013.