Prime Minister of India

Leader of the executives of the Government of India

The Prime Minister of the Republic of India, more commonly known as the Prime Minister of India, is the head of the executive branch of the Government of India. The prime minister is the chief executive and presiding member of the Union Council of Ministers and directs the Union Cabinet. The prime minister must be a member of either House of the Parliament of India and must be a member (usually the parliamentary leader) of the party that holds a majority in the Lok Sabha

Prime Minister of India
Bhārat ke Pradhānamantri
Emblem of India.svg
Flag of India.svg
Official portrait of the Prime Minister Narendra Modi, November 2020 (cropped).jpg
Narendra Modi

since 26 May 2014 (2014-05-26)
Prime Minister's Office
StatusHead of government
Member of
Reports to
Residence7, Lok Kalyan Marg, New Delhi, Delhi, India
SeatPrime Minister's Office, South Block, Central Secretariat, Raisina Hill, New Delhi, Delhi, India
NominatorLok Sabha members
AppointerPresident of India
by convention, based on appointee's ability to command confidence in the Lok Sabha
Term lengthAt the pleasure of the President
Lok Sabha term is 5 years unless dissolved sooner
No term limits specified
Constituting instrumentConstitution of India
PrecursorVice President of the Executive Council
Inaugural holderJawaharlal Nehru
Formation15 August 1947; 74 years ago (1947-08-15)
Unofficial namesPM
DeputyVacant, Deputy Prime Minister of India
  • 280,000 (US$3,700) (per month)
  • 3,360,000 (US$44,000) (Annual)

The Prime Minister appoints the Council of Ministers, distributes portfolios among them, acts as the link between the Council of Ministers and the President and is the chief spokesperson of India's foreign policy.

The current prime minister is Narendra Modi. He was sworn in on 26 May 2014.

Role and power of the Prime MinisterEdit

The Prime Minister is responsible in aiding the President in his/her work relating to the government. The Prime Minister, in consultation with the Cabinet, schedules and attends the sessions of the Houses of Parliament and is required to answer the question from the Members of Parliament.

Some specific ministries/department are not allocated to anyone in the cabinet but the Prime Minister himself. The Prime Minister is usually always in-charge/head of:

  • Appointments Committee of the Cabinet;
  • Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions;
  • Ministry of Planning;
  • Department of Atomic Energy; and
  • Department of Space.

The Prime Minister also represents the country in various international meetings, conferences and organizations.

Selection processEdit


A Prime Minister must be:

  • a citizen of India.
  • should be a member of the Lok Sabha or Rajya Sabha. If a person elected prime minister is neither a member of the Lok Sabha nor Rajya Sabha, then he must become a member of the Lok Sabha or Rajya Sabha within six months.
  • of above 25 years of age (in the case of a seat in the Lok Sabha) or above 30 years of age (in the case of a seat in the Rajya Sabha).


Oath of office:

I, <name>, do swear in the name of God/solemnly affirm that I will bear true faith and allegiance to the Constitution of India as by law established, that I will uphold the sovereignty and integrity of India, that I will faithfully and conscientiously discharge my duties as prime minister for the Union and that I will do right to all manner of people in accordance with the Constitution and the law, without fear or favour, affection or ill-will.

— Constitution of India, Third Schedule, Part I

Oath of secrecy:

I, <name>, do swear in the name of God/solemnly affirm that I will not directly or indirectly communicate or reveal to any person or persons any matter which shall be brought under my consideration or shall become known to me as Prime Minister for the Union except as may be required for the due discharge of my duties as such Minister.

— Constitution of India, Third Schedule, Part II

List of prime ministersEdit

Living former prime ministersEdit

As of 16 May 2022, there are two living former prime ministers of India:


  1. as per Section 3 of "The Salaries and Allowances of Ministers Act 1952 and the rules made thereunder" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs. Retrieved 28 January 2019.