Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed

politician, fifth President of India (1905-1977)

Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed (13 May 1905 – 11 February 1977) was the fifth President of India from 1974 to 1977 and also the 2nd President of India to die in office.[1][2]

Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed
5th President of India
In office
24 August 1974 – 11 February 1977
Prime MinisterIndira Gandhi
Vice PresidentB. D. Jatti
Gopal Swarup Pathak
Preceded byV. V. Giri
Succeeded byB. D. Jatti (Acting)
Member of Parliament, Lok Sabha
In office
Preceded byRenuka Devi Barkataki
Succeeded byIsmail Hossain Khan
Member of Parliament, Rajya Sabha
Personal details
Born(1905-05-13)13 May 1905
Delhi, British India
(now India)
Died11 February 1977(1977-02-11) (aged 71)
New Delhi, India
Political partyIndian National Congress
Spouse(s)Begum Abida Ahmed
Alma materUniversity of Cambridge
Inner Temple

Early life


Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed was born on 13 May 1905 at the Hauz Qazi area of Old Delhi, India.[2]He met Jawaharlal Nehru in England in 1925. He joined the Indian National Congress. He actively participated in the Indian freedom movement. In 1942 he was arrested in the Quit India movement. He was send to prison for 3 1/2 years' as punishment by the British rule.[2] He was a member of the Assam Pradesh Congress Committee from 1936 . He was the member of All India Congress Committee from 1947 to 1974.

As President


Fakhruddin was chosen for the President election by Prime Minister Indira Gandhi in 1974. In 20 August 1974, he was elected as the President of India.He became the second Muslim to be elected as the President. He was the second Indian president to die in office. He died on 11 February 1977 due to heart attack, at the age of 72.


  • Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed, by M. A. Naidu, 1975
  • Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed, by Attar Chand. Pub. Homeland, 1975.
  • Janak Raj Jai (2003). "Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed". Presidents of India, 1950–2003. Daya Books. p. 101. ISBN 81-87498-65-X.

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