Yinghuo-1

first attempted Chinese mission to Mars

Yinghuo-1 was a Chinese spacecraft.[5] People planned for it to be China's first interplanetary mission.[5] Yinghuo-1 was supposed to orbit and study the planet Mars.[5] It was launched with the Russian spacecraft Phobos-Grunt.[5] The spacecraft got into space, but something went wrong and it could not escape earth's gravity.

Yinghuo-1
Mission typeMars orbiter
OperatorCNSA
Mission duration1 year in Mars orbit (planned)
Never departed Earth orbit
Spacecraft properties
Launch mass115 kilograms (254 lb)[1]
Dimensions750mm x 750mm x 650mm (stowed)[1]
PowerSolar array
Start of mission
Launch date8 November 2011, 20:16:03 (2011-11-08UTC20:16:03Z) UTC[2][3][4]
RocketZenit-2M
Launch siteBaikonur 45/1
Deployed fromFobos-Grunt (planned)
End of mission
Decay date15 January 2012 (2012-01-16)
Orbital parameters
Reference systemAreocentric (planned)
Geocentric (achieved)
RegimeLow Earth (achieved)
Perigee800 kilometres (500 mi) (planned)
Apogee80,000 kilometres (50,000 mi) (planned)
Inclination5 degrees (planned)
Period3 days (planned)
 

The name Yinghuo means firefly in Chinese.

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 Lakdawalla, Emily (9 September 2010). "China's Yinghuo-1 Mars Orbiter". The Planetary Society. Archived from the original on 1 April 2012. Retrieved 30 May 2011.
  2. "Russia takes aim at Phobos". Nature.com. 4 November 2011. Retrieved 24 April 2013.
  3. Запуск станции "Фобос-Грунт" к спутнику Марса отложен до 2011 года (in Russian). РИА Новости. 21 September 2009. Retrieved 21 September 2009.
  4. "Solar System Exploration". Archived from the original on 14 June 2011. Retrieved 12 December 2009.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 "Yinghuo-1: Read More". NASA. Archived from the original on 2014-12-25. Retrieved 2011-08-31.