Catal Huyuk

archaeological site in Konya Province, Turkey
(Redirected from Çatalhöyük)

Catal Huyuk [1] was a very large Neolithic and Chalcolithic settlement in southern Anatolia, which existed from approximately 7500 BC to 5700 BC. It is the largest and most well preserved Neolithic site found to date. The site is in Turkey: coordinates E37° 40′ 3″ N; 32° 49′ 42″. The population was about 6,000 and the food they ate was mainly wheat, barely and rice. Catal Huyuk had no roads, so dwellings were accessed via hatches or trap doors in the roofs of the buildings, which were in turn entered via ladders. No trace of a central government has ever been found at Catal Huyuk.

Seated goddess on a throne flanked by two lionesses. Catal Hutuk

In July 2012, it was inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.[2]

ReferencesEdit

  1. Also Çatalhöyük, Çatal Höyük, Çatal Hüyük, or any of the three without diacritics; çatal is Turkish for "fork", höyük for "mound".
  2. [1] Archived 2013-01-17 at the Wayback Machine Çatalhöyük added to UNESCO World Heritage List Global Heritage Fund blog article