10 Downing Street

headquarters of His Majesty's Government

10 Downing Street is the address of the London residence and office of the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom. The residence was presented by George II in 1733 to Robert Walpole, the first official Prime Minister of the country.

10 Downing Street
Front entrance of 10 Downing Street
10 Downing Street is located in City of Westminster
10 Downing Street
Location in Westminster
General information
Architectural styleGeorgian
Town or cityCity of Westminster
London, SW1
CountryUnited Kingdom
Coordinates51°30′12″N 0°07′39″W / 51.5033°N 0.1275°W / 51.5033; -0.1275
Current tenants
Construction started1682; 342 years ago (1682)
Completed1684; 340 years ago (1684)
Design and construction
ArchitectKenton Couse
Listed Building – Grade I
Official name10, Downing Street SW1
Designated14 January 1970
Reference no.1210759[1]
Former Prime Minister Gordon Brown and US President Barack Obama in one of the rooms.

It is in Downing Street in the City of Westminster. The house is over 300 years old and has about 100 rooms.[2]

The house is close to St James's Park, Buckingham Palace, and the Palace of Westminster (which is the meeting place of both houses of Parliament).


  1. National Heritage List for England
  2. "10 Surprising facts about Number 10 Downing Street". BBC. 2020.