Venezuelan presidential crisis

ongoing political crisis in Venezuela

From early January 2019, Venezuela has been experiencing a Presidential crisis, with unclear leadership and terms of Presidency.

2019 Venezuelan Presidential crisis
Part of Crisis in Venezuela
Date10 January 2019 – present
Commanders and leaders
Nicolás Maduro, president of Venezuela (2016) cropped.jpg
Juan Guaidó in Colombia.jpg

Internal bodies

Internal bodies:

Despite encouragement to resign as president when his first term expired on 10 January 2019, Nicolás Maduro inaugurated himself. This resulted in widespread condemnation, the National Assembly invoking a State of emergency, and nations removing their embassies from Venezuela. With their belief that his election was illegitimate, they claimed that by retaking power, Maduro was converting Venezuela into an illegal de facto dictatorship.[1][2][3][4]

Map of what countries recognize as the Venezuelan government.
  No statement
  Recognize Guaidó
  Support National Assembly
  Recognize Maduro

Juan Guaidó, the newly appointed President of the National Assembly of Venezuela, began motions to form a transitional government as soon as he took the National Assembly role on 5 January 2019; whether Maduro took office on the 10th or not, the country would not have a legitimately elected president.[5] On behalf of the National Assembly, he became one of the first to denounce Maduro taking office, saying that the country had fallen into a de facto dictatorship and had no leader,[6] and that they were in a state of emergency.[7]

Maduro's government states that the crisis is a "coup d'état led by the United States to remove him from power and control the country's oil reserves."[8]


  1. "Venezuela's Maduro starts new term, as US describes him as "usurper"". Reuters. Retrieved 10 January 2019.
  2. "Alemania apoya para que asuma poder" [Germany supports Assembly taking power off Maduro]. El Nacional. Retrieved 10 January 2019.
  3. "Peru, Paraguay, etc. recall diplomats after Maduro inauguration". Al Jazeera. Retrieved 10 January 2019.
  4. "National Assembly declares State of Emergency with the usurpation of Maduro as President". Asamblea Nacional. Archived from the original on 11 January 2019. Retrieved 10 January 2019.
  5. "Asamblea Nacional arranca proceso para Ley de Transicion". Archived from the original on 9 January 2019. Retrieved 10 January 2019.
  6. Smith, Scott (2019-01-10). "Isolation greets Maduro's new term as Venezuela's president". AP NEWS. Retrieved 2019-01-11.
  7. ""AN se declara en emergencia ante la usurpación de Nicolás Maduro en el cargo de la Presidencia de la República"". Archived from the original on 11 January 2019. Retrieved 10 January 2019.
  8. "WEB MPPDPSGG (Noticia)". Archived from the original on 2019-01-31. Retrieved 2019-03-02.