Addis Ababa

capital city of Ethiopia

Addis Ababa (spelled Addis Abeba by the Ethiopian Mapping Institute, also called Finfinne) is the capital city of Ethiopia.[2] It is also the capital of the African Union and the Oromia region of Ethiopia[3].

Addis Ababa

አዲስ አበባ
Adisaba, Sheger, Finfinne, Adu, Adu Genet
Coordinates: Coordinates: 9°1′48″N 38°44′24″E / 9.03000°N 38.74000°E / 9.03000; 38.74000
Chartered CityAddis Ababa
 • MayorKuma Demeksa
 • City530.14 km2 (204.69 sq mi)
 • Land530.14 km2 (204.69 sq mi)
2,355 m (7,726 ft)
 • City3,384,569
 • Density5,165.1/km2 (13,378/sq mi)
 • Urban
 • Metro
Time zoneUTC+3 (East Africa Time)


Addis Ababa is both a city and a state. The city has people living in it from as many as 80 different countries speaking 80 different languages. There are many different communities in the city including Christian, Muslim, and Jewish communities. Addis Ababa is about 2,500 m above sea level. It has about four million people.

The site was chosen by Empress Taytu Betul. The city was founded in 1886 by her husband, Emperor Menelik II. The city is at the foot of Mount Entoto. In 1935 the city (renamed Addis Abeba) was conquered by the Italians and was made the capital of their empire in eastern Africa until 1941. Italians made huge improvements and modern projects to the city.

Since ww2 the city has grown to be a huge metropolis, that in 2020 has nearly 4 million inhabitants.

Addis Ababa University is in the city. Addis Ababa University was formerly known as Haile Selassie I University. It was named after the former Emperor of Ethiopia, who gave his palace to be used the main campus of the university in 1961.


  1. Central Statistical Agency of Ethiopia. "Census 2007, preliminary (pdf-file)" (PDF). Retrieved 2008-12-07.
  2. "Ethiopia". 2011 [last update]. Retrieved 19 February 2011. Check date values in: |year= (help)
  3. "FDRE States: Basic Information, Oromia". The Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia. Archived from the original on 17 June 2008. Retrieved 29 May 2008.


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