Ayyubid Sultan of Egypt 1218–1238

Al-Kamil (Arabic: الكامل) (full name: al-Malik al-Kamil Naser ad-Din Abu al-Ma'ali Muhammad) (c. 1177 – 6 March 1238) was a leader from a place called Kurdistan, and he followed the Muslim religion. He was in charge of a country called Egypt and was the fourth ruler from a group known as the Ayyubids. This group was important in the history of the area.

Nasir ad-Din Muhammad
Al-Malik al-Kamil
Frederick II (left) meets al-Kamil (right)
Sultan of Egypt
Reign1218 – 6 March 1238
PredecessorAl-Adil I
SuccessorAl-Adil II
Sultan of Damascus
PredecessorAs-Salih Ismail
SuccessorAl-Adil II
Bornc. 1177
Cairo, Ayyubid Sultanate
Died6 March 1238 (aged c. 61)
Damascus, Ayyubid Damascus Sultanate
IssueAs-Salih Ayyub
Al-Adil II
Full name
al-Malik al-Kamil Naser ad-Din Abu al-Ma'ali Muhammad
FatherAl-Adil I
ReligionSunni Islam

When he was in charge, there was a big fight called the Fifth Crusade. The Ayyubids, the group he led, were able to win this fight against people from Europe called crusaders. The European crusaders called him "Meledin."

Later on, there was another fight, the Sixth Crusade. During this time, he gave control of a city called West Jerusalem to the Christian people. He even met a famous religious person named Saint Francis.

Al-Kamil was known for these important events in history.[1]

References change

  1. Saint Francis and the Sultan: The Curious History of a Christian-Muslim Encounter, John V. Tolan OUP 2009