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American Black Bear

species of bear

The American black bear (scientific name Ursus americanus[2]) is North America's smallest and most common species of bear. Black bears are omnivores. Black bears eat apples, berries, fish, honey, nuts, carrion, rodents, rabbits, grasses, leaves and young deer and bison calves. Black bears usually live in forested areas, but do leave forests in search of food. Sometimes they become attracted to human activity due to a lack of food. The American black bear is listed by the IUCN as Least Concern, because the species has a large global population estimated to be twice that of all other bear species combined.[1] In the past century, only 37 people have been killed by these animals.

American black bear
Temporal range: 2.6–0 Ma
Late PlioceneHolocene
01 Schwarzbär.jpg
Found near Riding Mountain National Park, Manitoba, Canada
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Family: Ursidae
Genus: Ursus
Species:
U. americanus
Binomial name
Ursus americanus
(Pallas, 1780)
Subspecies

16, see text

American Black bear map.png
Synonyms

Euarctos americanus

American black bears usually hibernate during winter. During this time, the black bear's metabolism and heart rate both decrease in relation to one another.[3] In fact, during hibernation, an American black bear's heart can stop for twenty seconds.[3] The body temperature of black bears also decreases to 31 °C (88 °F) during hibernation.[4] When hibernation is over, the black bear's body temperature returns to normal.

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 Garshelis, D.L., Crider, D. & van Manen, F. (2008). "Ursus americanus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 27 January 2009.CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link)
  2. "Shenandoah National Park – American Black Bear (U.S. National Park Service)". nps.gov. 2011 [last update]. Retrieved 17 February 2011. Check date values in: |year= (help)
  3. 3.0 3.1 "BBC News – Hibernating bears studied in unprecedented detail". bbc.co.uk. 2011 [last update]. Retrieved 17 February 2011. Check date values in: |year= (help)
  4. "Yellowstone National Park – Denning and Hibernation Behavior (U.S. National Park Service)". nps.gov. 2011 [last update]. Retrieved 17 February 2011. Check date values in: |year= (help)