Anton Cermak

American politician (1873-1933)

Anton "Tony" Joseph Cermak (May 9, 1873 – March 6, 1933) was an American politician of Czech origin. He was best known as the mayor of Chicago. He was mayor from 1931 until his assassination in 1933.

Anton Joseph Cermak
Anton Cermak cph.3b27410.jpg
44th Mayor of Chicago
In office
April 7, 1931 – March 6, 1933
Preceded byWilliam Hale Thompson
Succeeded byFrank J. Corr
Personal details
Born(1873-05-09)May 9, 1873
Kladno, Bohemia, Austria-Hungary
DiedMarch 6, 1933(1933-03-06) (aged 59)
Miami, Florida, United States
Political partyDemocratic
Spouse(s)Mary Horejs Cermak

Cermak was elected president of the Cook County Board of Commissioners in 1922, chairman of the Cook County Democratic Party in 1928, and mayor of Chicago in 1931. In 1928 he ran for the United States Senate and was defeated by Republican Otis F. Glenn, receiving 46% of the vote.

His mayoral victory came in the wake of the Great Depression and the deep resentment many Chicagoans had of Prohibition and the increasing violence resulting from organized crime's control of Chicago, typified by the St. Valentine's Day Massacre.

Cermak was born on May 9, 1873 in Kladno, Austria-Hungry. He was married to Mary Horejas until his death in 1933.

Cermak was shot while being at a Democratic Party convention for Franklin D. Roosevelt on March 6, 1933.[1] Later doctors said he would have lived if he had never had colitis, aged 59.[2] Her daughter, Helena, would later marry future Governor of Illinois Otto Kerner, Jr.


  1. "The shooting of Anton Cermak". Chicago February 15, 1933. Retrieved November 10, 2013.
  2. Reveals Colitis Fatal to Cermak", Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, March 31, 1933, p1

Other websitesEdit

  Media related to Anton Cermak at Wikimedia Commons