The Apiaceae or Umbelliferae is a large family of mostly aromatic plants with hollow stems. They are umbellifers.
|Inflorescence of wild Angelica |
Apiaceae (or Umbelliferae)
The family includes cumin, parsley, carrot, coriander/cilantro, dill, caraway, fennel, parsnip, celery, anise, and other relatives. It is a large family with about 300 genera and more than 3,000 species.
There are a lot of phototoxic species. Light causes changes which produce toxic chemicals. Phototoxicity causes a chemically induced skin irritation. It needs light, and does not involve the immune system. It is a type of photosensitivity.
The defining characteristic of the family is the inflorescence. The flowers usually grouped in terminal umbels, as shown in the photograph. They are usually compound, and called umbelliform cymes. They are groups of groups.
- Stevens P.F. (2001 onwards). Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Version 9, June 2008.