Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States

member of the U.S. Supreme Court other than the chief justice

Associate Justices of the Supreme Court of the United States are the members of the Supreme Court of the United States other than the Chief Justice of the United States. The number of Associate Justices is ruled by the United States Congress and is currently set at eight by the Judiciary Act of 1869.

How they are nominatedEdit

The President "shall nominate, and by and with the Advice and Consent of the Senate, shall appoint... Judges of the supreme Court." Although the Constitution refers to them as "Judges of the Supreme Court," the title actually used is "Associate Justice," introduced in the Judiciary Act of 1789.[1] Associate justices were traditionally styled "Mr. Justice" in court opinions, but the title was shortened to "Justice" in 1980, a year before the first female justice was appointed.[2]

DutiesEdit

Each of the Justices of the Supreme Court has a single vote in deciding the cases argued before it; the Chief Justice's vote counts no more than that of any other Justice.

Succession processEdit

Under 28 USC 3, when the Chief Justice is unable to discharge his functions, or that office is vacant, his duties are carried out by the most senior Associate Justice until the disability or the vacancy ends.

Current justicesEdit

The current Associate Justices are (in order of seniority):

Justice /
birthdate and place
Appointed by SCV Age at Start date /
length of service
Previous position or office
(most recent prior to joining the Court)
Replaced
Start Present
  Clarence Thomas
(1948-06-23) June 23, 1948 (age 74)
Pin Point, Georgia
G. H. W. Bush 52–48 43 74 October 23, 1991
30 years, 284 days
Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit (1990–1991) Marshall
  Samuel Alito
(1950-04-01) April 1, 1950 (age 72)
Trenton, New Jersey
G. W. Bush 58–42 55 72 January 31, 2006
16 years, 184 days
Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit (1990–2006) O'Connor
  Sonia Sotomayor
(1954-06-25) June 25, 1954 (age 68)
The Bronx, New York
Obama 68–31 55 68 August 8, 2009
12 years, 360 days
Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit (1998–2009) Souter
  Elena Kagan
(1960-04-28) April 28, 1960 (age 62)
Manhattan, New York
Obama 63–37 50 62 August 7, 2010
11 years, 361 days
Solicitor General of the United States (2009–2010) Stevens
  Neil Gorsuch
(1967-08-29) August 29, 1967 (age 54)
Denver, Colorado
Trump 54–45 49 54 April 10, 2017
5 years, 115 days
Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit (2006–2017) Scalia
  Brett Kavanaugh
(1965-02-12) February 12, 1965 (age 57)
Washington, D.C.
Trump 50–48 53 57 October 6, 2018
3 years, 301 days
Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit (2006–2018) Kennedy
  Amy Coney Barrett
(1972-01-28) January 28, 1972 (age 50)
New Orleans, Louisiana
Trump 52–48 48 50 October 27, 2020
1 year, 280 days
Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit (2017–2020) Ginsburg
  Ketanji Brown Jackson
(1970-09-14) September 14, 1970 (age 51)
Washington, D.C.
Biden 53–47 52 51 June 30, 2022
34 days
Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit (2021–2022) Breyer
     Source: [3]

ReferencesEdit

  1. "A Century of Lawmaking for a New Nation: U.S. Congressional Documents and Debates, 1774 - 1875". memory.loc.gov.
  2. Joan Biskupic, Sandra Day O'Connor: How the First Woman on the Supreme Court Became Its Most Influential Justice (New York: HarperCollins, 2005), 101.
  3. "Current Members". www.supremecourt.gov. Washington, D.C.: Supreme Court of the United States. Retrieved October 21, 2018.

Other websitesEdit