Australian Labor Party

political party in Australia

The Australian Labor Party (ALP) is one of the two major political parties in Australia. The party was formed in 1891, and is the oldest political party in Australia. It is a social democratic party with strong links to the Trade Union movement. Since 1944, their main opponents have been the Liberal Party. The Labor Party most recently formed the Government from 2007 to 2013. This was under Kevin Rudd and Julia Gillard, who became the first female Prime Minister of Australia. Labor lost the election to the Liberal Party in September 2013. It currently holds 69 seats in the House of Representatives and 26 seats in the Senate.

Australian Labor Party
LeaderBill Shorten
Deputy LeaderTanya Plibersek
PresidentWayne Swan[1]
National SecretaryNoah Carroll
Founded8 May 1901
Headquarters161 London Circuit, Canberra Australian Capital Territory 2600
Youth wingAustralian Young Labor
IdeologySocial democracy
Democratic socialism
Third Way
Political positionCentre-left
International affiliationProgressive Alliance
Socialist International (Formerly)
House of Representatives
69 / 150
26 / 76

In the state and territory parliaments, Labor governs in South Australia, Queensland, Northern Territory and the Australian Capital Territory.

Group photograph of Federal Labour Party MPs elected to the Australian House of Representatives and Australian Senate at the first 1901 election, including Chris Watson, Andrew Fisher, Billy Hughes, Frank Tudor, King O'Malley and Lee Batchelor.


In the 1860s the trade unions in Australia began to try to get better wages and working conditions for their members. They were defeated by employers, the legal system, and the governments of the Australian colonies. Workers soon decided that they needed to become active in politics, and make changes through parliament. The first meeting of the ALP is said to have taken place in Barcaldine, Queensland in 1891.[2] A group of shearers, who were involved in a big strike action, held a meeting in the shade of a large ghost gum (eucalyptus) tree, Corymbia aparrerinja.[3] This tree became known as the "Tree of Knowledge".[2]

Prime Ministers of AustraliaEdit

Current leaders of States and Territories of AustraliaEdit


  1. "Wayne Swan elected Labor national president". 18 June 2018.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Australian Labor- History". Retrieved 19 August 2010.
  3. "Eucalypts...but not Eucalyptus". Retrieved 19 August 2010.