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Bob Hawke

Australian politician, 23rd Prime Minister of Australia

Robert James Lee Hawke AC GCL (9 December 1929 – 16 May 2019) was an Australian politician. From 1982 to 1991, he served as the 23rd Prime Minister of Australia as leader of the Australian Labor Party.[1] He was the third longest serving Prime Minister of Australia.


Bob Hawke
Bob Hawke 1987 portrait crop.jpg
23rd Prime Minister of Australia
In office
11 March 1983 – 20 December 1991
Preceded byMalcolm Fraser
Succeeded byPaul Keating
ConstituencyWills (Victoria)
Personal details
Born(1929-12-09)9 December 1929
Bordertown, South Australia
Died16 May 2019(2019-05-16) (aged 89)
Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Political partyLabor
Spouse(s)
Hazel Masterson
(m. 1956; div. 1994)

Contents

Political careerEdit

He was a union leader before he entered parliament in 1980. He became leader only a little while before the 1983 election but he defeated Malcolm Fraser. His government made many changes, like the Whitlam government, but did it more slowly and with more planning. His government moved Labor to the right economically. His leadership was challenged twice by Paul Keating. He lost the second time and retired.

By July 1990, Hawke had overtaken Malcolm Fraser as the second longest-serving Australian Prime Minister but on 21 December 2004 the record was overtaken by John Howard, making Hawke the third longest serving Prime Minister.

Personal life and deathEdit

Hawke has been married twice. During office, he was married to Hazel Hawke (née Masterson), a respected "first lady". Just before Hawke became prime minister, author Blanche d'Alpuget wrote a biography about him. Hawke married d'Alpuget in 1995.[2]

In late December 2018, Hawke revealed that he was in "terrible health". He supported Labor in the upcoming 2019 election and said he "may not witness the party's success".[3] He died on 16 May 2019 in Sydney, at the age of 89. His death happened two days before the election.[4]

ReferencesEdit

  1. corporateName=National Archives of Australia; address=Queen Victoria Terrace, Parkes. "About - Robert Hawke (11 March 1983 – 20 December 1991) and Hazel Hawke". primeministers.naa.gov.au.
  2. corporateName=National Archives of Australia; address=Queen Victoria Terrace, Parkes. "Hazel Hawke - Robert Hawke (11 March 1983 – 20 December 1991) and Hazel Hawke". primeministers.naa.gov.au.
  3. "Bob Hawke reveals 'terrible health' as he tips Labor to win federal election". ABC. Retrieved 29 December 2018.
  4. "Labor legend Bob Hawke dies aged 89". The Sydney Morning Herald. 16 May 2019. Retrieved 16 May 2019.

Other websitesEdit