Baoruco, also written Bahoruco (but the "h" is not pronounced), is a Dominican province, in the western part of the country, in the Hoya de Enriquillo valley. Its capital city is Neiba (or Neyba).
|Coordinates: 18°29′24″N 71°25′12″W / 18.49000°N 71.42000°WCoordinates: 18°29′24″N 71°25′12″W / 18.49000°N 71.42000°W|
|• Congresspersons||1 Senator |
|• Total||1,282.23 km2 (495.07 sq mi)|
|• Density||87/km2 (220/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC-4 (EST)|
|Area codes||1-809, 1-829, 1-849|
|ISO 3166 code||DO-03|
It was created on 1943. It was part of the Barahona province before being elevated to the category of province. It was called Baoruco because the northern side of the Sierra de Bahoruco was part of the province; with the creation of the Independecia province, that part went to the new province but the name was not changed.
Baoruco is bordered to the north by the San Juan province, to the east by the Azua and Barahona provinces, and to the south and west by the Independencia province.
When the Baoruco province was created in 1943, it was formed with the municipalities Neiba, Duvergé, La Descubierta and Tamayo. With the creation of the Independencia province in 1948, Duvergé and La Descubierta became municipalities of the new province. Villa Jaragua became a municipality of the province in 1974, Galván in 1997 and Los Ríos in 2001.
The municipal districts of the province were created in:
- 1978 : Uvilla
- 2001 : El Palmar
- 2004 : Santana, Montserrat and Las Clavellinas
- 2005 : Cabeza de Toro
- 2006 : El Salado, Mena and Santa Bárbara-El 6
In 2014 (last national census), there were 111,269 people living in the Baoruco province, and 69,360 (62.3%) living in towns and cities. The population density was 86.6 persons/km².
Its population represents 1.2% of the total population of the country and the province is ranked as the 23th (out of 31 plus the National District) more populated province.
As of 2016[update], the total estimated propulation of the province is 99,607 inhabitants.
The largest city of the province is Neiba, its head municipality or capital, with a population (in 2010) of 27,105 inhabitants.
The Baoruco province has a total area of 1,284.9 km2 (496.1 sq mi). It has 2.6% of the area of the Dominican Republic and it is ranked as the 17th (out of 31 plus the National District) largest province.
The altitude of Neiba, provincial capital, is 13 m (43 ft).
The Baoruco province is in the Hoya de Enriquillo valley, a very dry valley with some parts below sea level; its capital, Neiba, has an elevation of only 10 m above sea level. In this valley is the Lake Enriquillo, and the northeastern part of the lake, about of third of its surface, belongs to the Baoruco province, including its small islands of Barbarita and Islita.
The Sierra de Neiba runs across the northern part of the province, on the border with the San Juan province.
The most important river in the province is the Yaque del Sur river, one of the longest in the country; it forms the eastern limit of the province and its water is used for irrigation. Other rivers are Las Marías and Panzo.
The climate of the province is a tropical climate, very hot and dry in the valley, but it is cooler on the mountains. In the valley, cacti and other plants of dry regions are common. There are some rainforests in the mountains.
The only important road in the province goes through the southern part of the province, along the valley, and the most important towns of the province are along this road.
There are five municipalities and nine municipal districts (M.D.) in the province. The municipalities and its municipal districts (M.D.) are:
|Municipality (code)||Municipal Districts (code)||Population
|El Palmar (030102)||9,406||78.5||119.8||11|
|El Salado (030202)||2,485||125.5||19.8||5|
|Cabeza de Toro (030305)||1,864||207.9||9.0||406|
|Santa Bárbara-El 6 (030307)||2,780||14.2||195.8||15|
|Villa Jaragua (030401)||10,619||137.2||285.5||3|
|Villa Jaragua (030400)||10,619||137.2||285.5|
|Los Ríos (030501)||5,771||101.0||57.1||35|
|Las Clavellinas (030502)||1,938||48.4||40.0||177|
|Los Ríos (030500)||7,709||149.5||51.6|
|Baoruco province (030000)||97,313||1,284.9||75.7|
The main economic activity of the province is agriculture and the main products are plantains in Tamayo, grapes in Neiba and Los Ríos. On the Sierra de Neiba, coffee and beans are important products.
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Consejo Nacional de Población y Familia. "Estamaciones y Proyecciones de la Población Dominicana por Regiones, Provincias, Municipios y Distritos Municipales, 2014" (PDF) (in Spanish). Retrieved 2014-02-02.
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 2.2 "División Territorial 2015" (in Spanish). Oficina Nacional de Estadística (ONE). October 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 November 2015. Retrieved 19 December 2016.
- ↑ "REPÚBLICA DOMINICANA: Población por año calendario, según sexo y grupos quinquenales de edad, 2015-2020" (in Spanish). Oficina Nacional de Estadística (ONE). Archived from the original (XLS) on 24 June 2016. Retrieved 19 December 2016.
- ↑ "Neiba". Geonames.org. Retrieved 25 September 2016.