Belt and Road Initiative

development strategy and framework, proposed by China

The Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), also known as the New Silk Road, is a plan by the government of the People's Republic of China to build infrastructure for transportation, from China to other countries in Asia, Europe, and Africa.[1] The project was announced in 2013. The "Belt" means the roads and railway tracks on land.[2] The "Road" means sea routes.[2]

At first, it was called "One Belt, One Road" (OBOR, Chinese: 一帶 一路 / 一带 一路, pinyin: Yidai Yilu).[3]

A high-speed railway in Thailand is part of OBOR; the Bangkok-Phitsanulok High-Speed Railway is under construction (as of 2017).


  1. Sausmikat, Nora; Noesselt, Nele. "Alte Seidenstrasse in neuem Gewand. Chinas Globalisierungsoffensive" (PDF). Stiftung Asienhaus (in tysk). Retrieved Template:Dato. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
  2. 2.0 2.1 Kuo, Lily; Kommenda, Niko. "What is China's Belt and Road Initiative?". the Guardian. Archived from the original on 2018-09-05. Retrieved 2019-04-09.
  3. "BRI Instead of OBOR – China Edits the English Name of its Most Ambitious International Project". July 28, 2016. Archived from the original on February 6, 2017. Retrieved August 15, 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)