Boston Massacre

Incident on March 5, 1770

The Boston Massacre happened when five civilians (people who were not in the military) were shot and killed by 9 British soldiers on March 5, 1770.[1] It was in Boston, Massachusetts, which was a British colony at the time. The event happened at night when a large mob got together outside of the Custom House. One British soldier named Hugh White had hit a boy who had insulted his commanding officer. The boy ran away and came back with a large mob of angry people. More British soldiers came to help protect Hugh White from the people. The mob threw snowballs with clams inside them and hit them with wooden clubs. As the mob got larger and larger the scene became more and more chaotic. Someone in the crowd yelled "fire". In the confusion, some of the soldiers fired into the crowd. Crispus Attucks, an African-American man, was one of the first people killed.[2]

The Boston Massacre
Engraving of the Massacre by Paul Revere
LocationBoston, Massachusetts Bay Colony, British America
DateMarch 5, 1770
Attack type
PerpetratorsBritish Army

Trial change

Eight British soldiers went to court after the Boston Massacre. Only two of them, Hugh Montgomery and Matthew Killroy, were found guilty of manslaughter in court. Their punishment was to have the palms of their hands branded (have their palms marked with a burn). John Adams was the lawyer who defended the British soldiers. He knew that many people would be upset with him for defending the soldiers, but he believed that everybody deserved a fair trial.[3] (Adams would later become the President of the United States).

After the Boston Massacre change

Paul Revere, a man who worked with metals in Boston, made an engraving of the British soldiers shooting into the crowd, depicted as violent. Many people saw the engraving and became angry. A few years later, the American Revolution started, and the colonies would become an independent country, the United States of America.

Photo gallery change

References change

  1. "Boston Massacre". Boston Massacre Historical Society. Retrieved March 3, 2010.
  2. "Africans in America/Part 2/Crispus Attucks". Retrieved November 17, 2010.
  3. "Key Figures in the Boston Massacre Trial". Archived from the original on January 27, 2011. Retrieved November 16, 2010. {{cite web}}: More than one of |archivedate= and |archive-date= specified (help); More than one of |archiveurl= and |archive-url= specified (help)
  4. O’Connor, Thomas H. (March 16, 2001). The Hub: Boston Past and Present. Northeastern. p. 56. ISBN 978-1555534745.