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Bourbon Restoration

period of French history, 1814-1830

The Bourbon Restoration was the return of the House of Bourbon to France after the French Revolution and Napoleon Bonaparte. It began in 1814 after Napoleon was defeated and exiled to Elba island off the coast of Italy. Louis XVIII of France, the younger brother of Louis XVI of France, was named king in 1814 by the Congress of Vienna.

Kingdom of France

Royaume de France
1814–1815
1815–1830
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Coat of arms
Motto: Montjoie Saint Denis!
"Montjoy Saint Denis!"
Anthem: Le Retour des Princes français à Paris
"The Return of the French Princes to Paris"
Kingdom of France in 1816
CapitalParis
Common languagesFrench
Religion
Roman Catholicism
GovernmentConstitutional monarchy
King 
• 1814–1824
Louis XVIII
• 1824–1830
Charles X
Prime Minister 
• 1815
Charles de Bénévent (first)
• 1829–1830
Jules de Polignac (last)
LegislatureParliament
Chamber of Peers
Chamber of Deputies
History 
6 April 1814
30 May 1814
4 June 1814
20 Mar – 7 Jul 1815
6 April 1823
26 July 1830
Area
1815560,000 km2 (220,000 sq mi)
CurrencyFrench franc
ISO 3166 codeFR
Preceded by
Succeeded by
First French Empire
July Monarchy

After being removed by Napoleon during the Hundred Days, Louis XVIII was returned to power in 1815 and died in 1824. Louis XVIII was succeeded by his younger brother Charles X of France who ruled until he was removed in 1830 by the July Revolution.