Open main menu


feeding of babies and young children with milk from a woman's breast
An infant breastfeeding

Breastfeeding is when a mother feeds her babies milk from her breasts. The baby puts its mouth on to their mother's nipple and sucks the milk out of the breast. Breast milk is healthier for the baby than baby formula or cow's milk.[1] Not all women can safely feed their baby. If a woman has AIDS, tuberculosis or takes illegal drugs, then the milk is not good for the baby. There are many reasons to breastfeed. Babies that breastfeed have a reduced risk for several diseases.[2] In addition, it makes for cheaper feeding and health care. In both developing and developed countries, breastfeeding without giving the baby any other drinks leads to fewer deaths from diarrhoea.[3] Experts agree that breast milk is the best drink for a baby, but do not all agree about how long mothers should breastfeed, and about how safe powder milk is.

Exclusive Breastfeeding (EBF)Edit

Exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) refers to the practice of feeding an infant on breast milk alone for the first six months of life without addition of other food or water.[4] World Health Organization (WHO) and United Nations International Children’s Fund (UNICEF) recommend mothers to initiate breastfeeding within the first hour after birth[5] [6]. [7]


  1. Huggins, R.N. M.S., Kathleen (2010). The Nursing Mother's Companion 6th Edition. Boston: The Harvard Common Press. p. 2. ISBN 978-1-558-32720-7.
  2. "Why breastfeeding is important". US Department of Health and Human Services. 21 July 2014. Retrieved 19 February 2016.
  3. Lamberti, L.M. (April 2011). Walker, C.L.F., Noiman, A., Victora, C., and Black, R.E.. "Breastfeeding and the risk for diarrhea morbidity and mortality". BMC Public Health 11. Retrieved 2 March 2016. "In comparison to exclusive breastfeeding, predominant (RR: 2.28), partial (RR: 4.62) and not (RR: 10.52) breastfeeding led to an elevated risk of diarrhea mortality among infants 0-5 mos of age.". 
  5. Cite error: The named reference who.int2 was used but no text was provided for refs named (see the help page).
  6. [ url =]
  7. Rollins, Nigel C.; Walker, Neff; Sankar, Mari Jeeva; Murch, Simon; Krasevec, Julia; Horton, Susan; França, Giovanny V. A.; Barros, Aluísio J. D. et al. (2016-01-30). "Breastfeeding in the 21st century: epidemiology, mechanisms, and lifelong effect" (in English). The Lancet 387 (10017): 475–490. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(15)01024-7. ISSN 0140-6736. PMID 26869575.