Bright's disease

historical classification of nephritis

Bright's disease is a historical classification of kidney diseases that are now called acute or chronic nephritis. The main symptom is the presence of serum albumin (blood plasma protein) in the urine, and frequently accompanied by oedema and hypertension.

Bright's disease
Richard Bright, "Reports of medical cases" Wellcome L0013468.jpg
Diseased kidney from Richard Bright's Reports of Medical Cases Longman, London (1827–1831); Wellcome Library, London

The term is no longer used, as the disease is now classified by its better known causes.[1]


  1. Cameron JS (1972). "Bright's disease today: the pathogenesis and treatment of glomerulonephritis--I". British Medical Journal. 4 (5832): 87–90 contd. doi:10.1136/bmj.4.5832.87. PMC 1786202. PMID 4562073.