|Part of||Frontal lobe|
|Vein||Superior sagittal sinus|
|Anatomical terms of neuroanatomy|
Language processing has been linked to Broca's area after Pierre Paul Broca. Broca did autopsies on patients who had difficuty speaking when they were alive. He found damage to a particular area of the brain. They had lost the ability to speak after injury to the posterior inferior frontal gyrus of the brain.
Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies have identified activation patterns in Broca's area associated with various language tasks. However, slow destruction of the Broca's area by brain tumors can leave speech relatively intact. This suggests that, given time, its functions can shift to nearby areas in the brain.
- Cantalupo, Claudio & Hopkins, William D. 2001. "Asymmetric Broca's area in great apes". Nature. 414 (6863): 505. Bibcode:2001Natur.414..505C. doi:10.1038/35107134. PMC 2043144. PMID 11734839.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
- Boeree C.G. (2004). "Speech and the brain".
- Kennison, Shelia (2013). Introduction to language development. Los Angeles: Sage.
- Dronkers N.F. et al 2007. "Paul Broca's historic cases: high resolution MR imaging of the brains of Leborgne and Lelong". Brain. 130 (Pt 5): 1432–1441. doi:10.1093/brain/awm042. PMID 17405763.
- Plaza M. et al 2009. "Speaking without Broca's area after tumor resection". Neurocase. 15 (4): 294–310. doi:10.1080/13554790902729473. PMID 19274574.