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Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim

Finnish military leader and statesman

Baron Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim (Swedish pronunciation: [kɑːɭ ²ɡɵsːtav ˈeːmɪl ²manːɛrˌheɪm]; 4 June 1867 – 27 January 1951) was a Finnish military leader and statesman.[1] Mannerheim served as the military leader of the Whites in the Finnish Civil War, Regent of Finland (1918–1919), commander-in-chief of Finland's defence forces during World War II, Marshal of Finland, and the sixth President of Finland (1944–1946).


Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim

Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim 1940.jpg
6th President of Finland
In office
4 August 1944 – 11 March 1946
Prime MinisterAntti Hackzell
Urho Castrén
J. K. Paasikivi
Preceded byRisto Ryti
Succeeded byJ. K. Paasikivi
Commander-in-Chief of the Finnish Defense Forces
In office
17 October 1939 – 12 January 1945
Preceded byHugo Österman (as Commander of the Hosts)
Succeeded byAxel Heinrichs (as Chief of Defence)
In office
25 January 1918 – 30 May 1918
Preceded bypost created
Succeeded byKarl Fredrik Wilkama
State Regent of Finland
In office
12 December 1918 – 26 July 1919
Preceded byP. E. Svinhufvud
Succeeded byK. J. Ståhlberg as President of the Republic
Personal details
Born(1867-06-04)4 June 1867
Askainen, Grand Duchy of Finland, Russian Empire
Died27 January 1951(1951-01-27) (aged 83)
Lausanne, Switzerland
Resting placeHietaniemi cemetery, Helsinki
NationalityFinnish
Spouse(s)Anastasie Arapova (div. 1919)
ChildrenAnastasie Mannerheim (1893–1977)
Sophie Mannerheim Jr. (1895–1963)
RelativesCount Carl Robert Mannerheim (father)
Count Carl Gustaf Mannerheim (paternal grandfather)
See Mannerheim family
ProfessionMilitary officer, statesman
Signature
Military service
Allegiance Russian Empire
 Finland
Branch/serviceImperial Russian Army
White Guard
Finnish Army
Years of service1887–1917 (Russia)
1918–1946 (Finland)
Rank1904ic-p09.png Lieutenant General (Russia)
Sotamarsalkka.svg Field Marshal (Finland)
Marshal of Finland
Battles/warsRusso-Japanese War
First World War
Finnish Civil War
Second World War

ReferencesEdit

  1. Klinge, Matti. "Mannerheim, Gustaf (1867 – 1951)". National Biography of Finland. Retrieved 21 April 2017.