Carmen Franco, 1st Duchess of Franco
María del Carmen Franco y Polo, 1st Duchess of Franco, Grandee of Spain, Dowager Marquise of Villaverde (14 September 1926 – 29 December 2017) was a Spanish noble. She was the only child of Spain's Caudillo, dictator General Francisco Franco and his wife Carmen Polo y Martínez-Valdés.
In Asturian fashion, she was known by many nicknames such as Nenuca, Carmelilla, Carmencita, Cotota and Morita. She was born in Oviedo, Asturias, Spain. In 1950, she married Cristóbal Martínez-Bordiú, 10th Marquis of Villaverde, a well known surgeon. In 1968 he conducted the first heart transplant operation in Spain. The couple had seven children. He died in 1998.
- Andrés Rueda Román (4 March 2013). Franco, el ascenso al poder de un dictador. Ediciones Nowtilus S.L. pp. 100–. ISBN 978-84-9967-473-5.
- Staff (20 December 1954). "Milestones". Time. Time Inc. Retrieved 3 July 2011.
- Press, Associated (29 December 2017). "Carmen Franco, only child of Spain's dictator, dies at 91". Retrieved 29 December 2017 – via www.washingtonpost.com.
- Universal Studios Newsreel for 8 April 1957: "18th anniversary of end of Spanish revolution in Spain, Franco and daughter watch soldiers, the caudillo looks on with pride, 18 years of peace and rebuilding".