Francisco Franco

Spanish general and dictator (1892-1975)

Francisco Franco (Francisco Paulino Hermenegildo Teódulo Franco y Bahamonde Salgado Pardo de Andrade, 20 December 1892 – 20 November 1975)[1] was a Spanish military leader who ruled as dictator of Spain from 1939 until his death.

Francisco Franco
Head of the Spanish State
In office
1 April 1939 – 20 November 1975
Preceded byManuel Azaña (as President)
Succeeded byJuan Carlos I (as King)
68th Head of the Spanish Government
In office
30 January 1938 – 8 June 1973
Preceded byJuan Negrín
Succeeded byAdmiral Luis Carrero Blanco
Personal details
Born(1892-12-04)4 December 1892
Ferrol, Galicia, Spain
Died20 November 1975(1975-11-20) (aged 82)
Madrid, Spain
Political partyNone, Phalangist/Carlist
Spouse(s)Carmen Polo
ChildrenCarmen Franco, 1st Duchess of Franco
ProfessionChief of the General Staff, Spanish Army

He was a leader of a coup d'état against the Spanish Second Republic in 1936. After this uprising the Spanish Civil War started. Franco was supported by fascists, big businesses, the church, conservative people and Spanish nationalists. This was because the Spanish Republic had a socialist government that wanted to make businesses and the church less powerful.[2] The Republic also set up local parliaments in the regions of Spain. Spanish nationalists thought this was wrong and would make Spain weak. Franco remained neutral during World War II as Hitler did not accept his conditions for Spain to take part in it with the fascist and nazi regimes. He let a group of volunteer soldiers join the German Army to fight the Russians between 1941 and 1943. They were called the División Azul (Blue Division)[3][4]

Franco died in Madrid on November 20, 1975, just after midnight of heart failure. Relatives, such as his daughter Carmen, had asked doctors to remove his life support systems. After Franco's death, Juan Carlos became king.[5]


  1. [1] (actually says Nov 19)
  2. Beevor, Antony (2001 reissued). The Spanish Civil War. London: Penguin. ISBN 0-14-100148-8. Check date values in: |year= (help)
  3. Kleinfeld, Gerald R; Tambs, Lewis A (1979), Hitler's Spanish Legion: The Blue Division in Russia, Southern Illinois University Press, ISBN 0-8093-0865-7
  4. Moreno Juliá, Xavier (2005), La División Azul: Sangre española en Rusia, 1941-1945, Barcelona: Crítica
  5. [2]