Axis powers

major alliance of World War II

Axis countries and Axis Powers are the names for some countries that fought together against the Allies during World War II. Benito Mussolini, Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Italy, announced that an October 1936 agreement had created an Italian-German "axis" around which future European events would revolve. Germany made a separate agreement with the Empire of Japan at the same time.

The war ended in 1945 with the Axis powers losing and their alliances broken.

Berlin-Rome-Tokyo Axis Powers


The most important Axis countries formed an alliance called the Berlin-Rome-Tokyo Axis Powers (1922 to 1945). They included:

The three flags of Axis Powers: Nazi Germany, Kingdom of Italy until 1943 (then Italian Social Republic from 1943), and Imperial Japan.

All three countries had authoritarian governments, which were (and still are) often referred to as fascist.


Other countries


Subsequent signatories of the Tripartite Pact


In addition to the main three countries, the less important Axis countries were:

Other countries that helped the Axis without being a part of them were:

Co-belligerent states


Client states


Controversial cases

  • Denmark, signed treaty of mutual non-aggression; accepted German troops.
  • Spain, was neutral, but gave non-military assistance.
  • Vichy France, agreed not to resist after Northern France was conquered. Did not resist Japanese occupation of French Indochina.

Several new or rebel governments that were created by the Axis during the war are:

  •   Burma (Ba Maw regime)
  •   India (Provisional Government of Free India)

Other websites