Italian Social Republic

1943–1945 German puppet state in northern Italy

The Italian Social Republic (Italian: Repubblica Sociale Italiana or RSI) was a provisional government sponsored by and allied with Nazi Germany.[2] It was led by Benito Mussolini and his Republican Fascist Party. In name, it controlled northern Italy but, in fact, the land was under German military control. The country had another informal name, Salò Republic (Italian: Repubblica di Salò), after where their headquarters was located. Before 25 November 1943, the official name of the country was widely called Republican State of Italy and Republican National State (Italian: Stato Nazionale Repubblicano).[3] It was the second and last Fascist Italian state.

Italian Social Republic
Repubblica Sociale Italiana
Anthem: Giovinezza[1]
Italian Social Republic in 1943
Italian Social Republic in 1943
StatusPuppet state of Nazi Germany[2]
CapitalSalò (de facto)
Rome (claimed)
Common languagesItalian
• 1943–1945
Benito Mussolini
• 1943–1945
Rudolf Rahn
Historical eraWorld War II
September 12, 1943
September 23 1943
April 25
• Surrender
May 2 1945
CurrencyRepublican Lira (de jure)
Italian lira (de facto)
ISO 3166 codeIT
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Kingdom of Italy (1861–1946)
Kingdom of Italy (1861–1946)


  1. "Italy 1922-1943".
  2. 2.0 2.1 Pauley, Bruce F. (2003), Hitler, Stalin and Mussolini: Totalitarianism in the Twentieth Century Italy (2nd ed.), Wheeling: Harlan Davidson, p. 228, ISBN 088295993X.
  3. Palla, M. (2000) Mussolini and fascism, p. 137. ISBN 1566563402

Other websites


  Media related to Italian Social Republic at Wikimedia Commons