Italian Social Republic

republic in Northern and Central Italy and partially-recognized client state of Nazi Germany (1943-1945)

The Italian Social Republic (Italian: Repubblica Sociale Italiana or RSI) was a provisional government sponsored by and allied with Nazi Germany.[2] It was led by Benito Mussolini and his Republican Fascist Party. In name, it controlled northern Italy but, in fact, the land was under German military control. The country had another informal name, Salò Republic (Italian: Repubblica di Salò), after where their headquarters was located. Before 25 November 1943, the official name of the country was widely called Republican State of Italy and Republican National State (Italian: Stato Nazionale Repubblicano).[3] It was the second and last Fascist Italian state.

Italian Social Republic
Repubblica Sociale Italiana
Flag of Italy
War Flag
Coat of arms of Italy
Coat of arms
Anthem: Giovinezza[1]
From the Gustav Line to the Gothic Line
From the Gustav Line to the Gothic Line
StatusPuppet state of Nazi Germany[2]
CapitalSalò (de facto)
Rome (claimed)
Common languagesItalian
• 1943–1945
Benito Mussolini
• 1943–1945
Rudolf Rahn
Historical eraWorld War II
September 12, 1943
September 23 1943
April 25 1945
CurrencyRepublican Lira (de jure)
Italian lira (de facto)
ISO 3166 codeIT
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Kingdom of Italy (1861–1946)
Kingdom of Italy (1861–1946)
Italian social republic map.png


  1. "Italy 1922-1943".
  2. 2.0 2.1 Pauley, Bruce F. (2003), Hitler, Stalin and Mussolini: Totalitarianism in the Twentieth Century Italy (2nd ed.), Wheeling: Harlan Davidson, p. 228, ISBN 088295993X.
  3. Palla, M. (2000) Mussolini and fascism, p. 137. ISBN 1566563402

Other websitesEdit

  Media related to Repubblica Sociale Italiana at Wikimedia Commons