Juan Carlos I of Spain

King of Spain from 1975 to 2014

Juan Carlos I (born 5 January 1938) was the King of Spain from 1975 to 2014.

Juan Carlos I
Busto de Juan Carlos I de España (2009).jpg
King Juan Carlos I in 2009
King of Spain
Reign22 November 1975 – 18 June 2014
Enthronement27 November 1975
PredecessorAlejandro Rodríguez de Valcárcel (interim Head of State)
Alfonso XIII (as King of Spain)
Francisco Franco (as Caudillo of Spain)
SuccessorFelipe VI of Spain
Prime Ministers
Born (1938-01-05) 5 January 1938 (age 85)
Rome, Italy
SpouseSophia of Greece and Denmark
Infanta Elena, Duchess of Lugo
Infanta Cristina, Duchess of Palma de Mallorca
Felipe, Prince of Asturias
Full name
Juan Carlos Alfonso Víctor María de Borbón y Borbón
HouseBourbons of Spain[1][2]
FatherInfante Juan, Count of Barcelona
MotherMaría de las Mercedes of the Two Sicilies
ReligionRoman Catholicism
SignatureJuan Carlos I's signature

His name came from his father (Juan de Borbón), his grandfather (Alfonso XIII) and his mother's father's name (Prince Carlo of the Two Sicilies).

Juan Carlos was born on 5 January 1938 at Rome,[3] He is eldest son of Juan Count of Barcelona and his countess María de las Mercedes of the Two Sicilies, He had two sisters and one brother.

Juan Carlos has study at Spainish Navy School and Spanish Air Force School in 1960-61. He studied Law, International political economy and Public finance at the University of Madrid. He then went to live in the Palace of Zarzuela and began carrying out official engagements.

On 22 November 1975, two days after the death of Francisco Franco, Juan Carlos became king. Franco had picked him and prepared him for the job. In 1969 it had been thirty years since the last king. King Juan Carlos helped change Spain from a dictatorship into a parliamentary democracy. In 2008 he was voted the most popular leader in all Ibero-America.

Juan Carlos' wife Queen Sofía of Spain is his third cousin, She is the sister of ex-King Constantine II of Greece, Juan and Queen Sofia of Greece have three children together, Infanta Elena, Duchess of Lugo , Infanta Cristina of Spain and Felipe VI of Spain

On 2 June 2014, Juan Carlos announced that he would abdicate in favour of his son, Felipe VI.[4] The abdication and handover to Felipe occurred on 19 June 2014. He and his wife kept their titles.[5]

On 24 August 2019 he had heart surgery.[6]

On 3 August 2020, he went into voluntary exile following a financial scandal over some illegal deals he did with Saudi Arabia.[7][8] He now lives in the United Arab Emirates.[9]


  1. "His Majesty the King Juan Carlos". The Royal Household of His Majesty the King!.
  2. The English-language version of the Official Royal Family website is rendered as Borbon, while in Spanish it is Borbón
  3. Redazione. "QUANDO JUAN CARLOS ABITAVA A VIALE PARIOLI |" (in Italian). Archived from the original on 2021-10-08. Retrieved 2021-10-09.
  4. Goodman, Al; Mullen, Jethro; Levs, Josh (2 June 2014). "Spain's King Juan Carlos I to abdicate". CNN. Retrieved 2 June 2014.
  5. "Spain will have two kings and two queens". Retrieved 18 June 2014.
  6. Mariángel Alcázar (22 August 2019). "El rey Juan Carlos se someterá a una operación de corazón el próximo sábado". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). Retrieved 23 August 2019.
  7. "Spain's ex-King Juan Carlos leaves country". BBC News. 4 August 2020. Retrieved 2020-08-04.
  8. Minder, Raphael (3 August 2020). "Juan Carlos, Spain's Former King, Quits Country Amid Multiple Investigations". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 4 August 2020.
  9. "Royal House confirms former king of Spain, Juan Carlos I, has been in United Arab Emirates since Aug. 3". ABC News.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)

Titles and stylesEdit

Royal Standard as King of Spain
  • 5 January 1938 – 21 July 1969: His Royal Highness The Infante Juan Carlos of Spain
  • 15 January 1941 – 22 November 1975: His Royal Highness The Prince of Asturias
  • 21 July 1969 – 22 November 1975: His Royal Highness The Prince of Spain
  • 22 November 1975 – 18 June 2014: His Majesty The King of Spain
  • 18 June 2014 – : His Majesty King Juan Carlos I of Spain