Felipe VI of Spain

King of Spain since 2014

Felipe VI (Spanish: [feˈlipe ˈseɣsto][c], full name: Felipe Juan Pablo Alfonso de Todos los Santos de Borbón y Grecia; born 30 January 1968) is the King of Spain. He became king in 2014 following the abdication of King Juan Carlos.

Felipe VI
Felipe in January 2023
King of Spain
Reign19 June 2014 — present
Enthronement19 June 2014
PredecessorJuan Carlos I
Heir presumptiveLeonor, Princess of Asturias
Prime ministers
Born (1968-01-30) 30 January 1968 (age 56)
Madrid, Spain
Spouse
Issue
Full name
  • Spanish: Felipe Juan Pablo Alfonso de Todos los Santos de Borbón y Grecia
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  • Portuguese: Filipe João Paulo Afonso de Todos os Santos de Bourbon e Grécia
  • French: Philippe Jean Paul Alphonse de Todos les Santos de Bourbon e Grécia
  • Italian: Filippo Giovanni Paolo Alfonso di Tutti l Santi Bourbon e Grecia
  • Dutch: Filippus Jan Paulus Alfons van Allemaal de Heiligen van Bourbon en Griekenland
  • English: Philip John Paul Alfonso of All the Saints of Bourbon and Greece
HouseBourbon-Anjou[a]
FatherJuan Carlos I of Spain
MotherSophia of Greece and Denmark
ReligionRoman Catholicism
SignatureFelipe VI's signature
AllegianceSpain
Service/branchSpanish Army
Spanish Air Force
Spanish Navy
Years of service1986–2014[b]
RankCaptain general (See list)

He is the third child and only son of King Juan Carlos I, and Queen Sofía. In 2004, Felipe married TV news journalist Letizia Ortiz, with whom he has two daughters, Leonor (his heir presumptive) and Sofía.

In accordance with the Spanish Constitution, as monarch, he is head of state and commander-in-chief of the Spanish Armed Forces with the military rank of Captain General, and also plays the role of the supreme representation of Spain in internationa relations.

Early life

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Felipe was born at ORPEA Madrid Loreto in Madrid. He is youngest child and only son of former King Juan Carlos I and Queen Sofía of Spain. He had two sisters Infanta Elena, Duchess of Lugo and Infanta Cristina of Spain. He was baptized at Palace of Zarzuela in Madrid.

Felipe VI has studied at Centro Privado de Enseñanza Santa María de los Rosales. He accepted his high school education at Lakefield College School, and then studied Law and Economics at Autonomous University of Madrid. After that, he studied Foreign Service at Georgetown University.

Prince of Asturias

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In 1977, he was given the title Prince of Asturias, the official title of the heir to the Spanish throne.

He received military training at General Military Academy and served in the military from 1986 to 2014.

King Felipe VI married Queen Letizia of Spain at Almudena Cathedral at 2004. They have two children together, Leonor, Princess of Asturias and Infanta Sofia of Spain.

On 2 June 2014, King Juan Carlos I announced that he would abdicate in favor of Felipe. Felipe became king on 19 June 2014 at 0:00 CET and was named Felipe VI.[1]

As King of Spain, Felipe VI performs a mainly ceremonial role with some reserved constitutional powers. In 2015, the general election resulted in no party winning a majority. King Felipe then dissolved parliament and called for another election.

In 2017, the regional government of Catalonia held an independence referendum and declared independence from Spain. The Spanish authorities deemed the referendum illegal. King Felipe delivered a televised speech in which he condemned the referendum for acting outside of the law.

In 2022, King Felipe and his wife attended the funeral of Queen Elizabeth II and also attended the coronation of Charles III the following year.

Titles and styles

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  • 30 January 1968 –1 November 1977: His Royal Highness Infante Felipe of Spain
  • 1 November 1977-19 June 2014: His Royal Highness The Prince of Asturias
  • 22 January 1977-19 June 2014: His Royal Highness The Prince of Girona, His Royal Highness The Prince of Viana, The Duke of Montblanc, The Count of Cervera, Lord of Balaguer, Infante of Spain
  • 19 June 2014 – present: His Majesty The King of Spain

References

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  1. "Spanish politicians lay out abdication timetable". BBC News. 2014-06-03.

Notes

  1. The English-language version of the Official Royal Family website is rendered as "Borbon", while in Spanish it is rendered as "Borbón". In English, the house is traditionally called House of Bourbon.
  2. End of active service.
  3. Most English-language media refer to the king as Felipe VI, although a few sources have rendered his name as Philip VI. In the languages of Spain, his name is: