capital of the Swiss canton of Graubünden and lies in the northern part of the canton

Chur or Coire is the capital city of the canton of Graubünden (also called Grisons). About 34.000 people live in the city, which is probably the oldest in Switzerland. The city is on the Rhine River.

Chur, looking upstream, to the west
Chur, looking upstream, to the west
Coat of arms of Chur
Location of Chur
Chur is located in Switzerland
Chur is located in Canton of Graubünden
Coordinates: 46°51′N 9°32′E / 46.850°N 9.533°E / 46.850; 9.533
 • ExecutiveStadtrat
with 3 members
 • MayorStadtpräsident (list)
Urs Marti FDP/PRD
(as of February 2014)
 • ParliamentGemeinderat
with 21 members
 • Total28.09 km2 (10.85 sq mi)
593 m (1,946 ft)
Highest elevation
1,885 m (6,184 ft)
Lowest elevation
554 m (1,818 ft)
 (31 December 2018)[2]
 • Total35,373
 • Density1,300/km2 (3,300/sq mi)
DemonymGerman: Churer(in)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (Central European Time)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (Central European Summer Time)
Postal code(s)
SFOS number3901
LocalitiesAltstadt, Sand, Kasernenquartier, Industriegebiet, Loestrasse-Lürlibad, Maladers, Masans, Rheinquartier
Surrounded byChurwalden, Domat/Ems, Felsberg, Haldenstein, Maladers, Malix, Trimmis
Twin townsBad Homburg (Germany), Cabourg (France), Mayrhofen (Austria), Mondorf-les-Bains (Luxembourg), Terracina (Italy)
SFSO statistics
Chur in 1642, by Matthäus Merian.

The name "chur" may come from the Celtic word kora or koria, meaning "tribe", or from the Latin curia

Archaeological evidence that people lived here goes back as far as the Pfyn culture[3] (3900-3500 BC),[4] Various artefacts from the Bronze Age and Iron Age have been found in the city. The Roman Catholic Diocese of Chur was created in the 4th century. It was probably the first Roman Catholic diocese to be created north of the Alps.

On 1 January 2020, the municipality Maladers became part of Chur. On 1 January 2021, Haldenstein became a part of Chur.

References change

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeinden nach 4 Hauptbereichen". Federal Statistical Office. Retrieved 13 January 2019.
  2. "Ständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Staatsangehörigkeitskategorie Geschlecht und Gemeinde; Provisorische Jahresergebnisse; 2018". Federal Statistical Office. 9 April 2019. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
  3. Chur in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. Schibler, J. 2006. The economy and environment of the 4th and 3rd millennia BC in the northern Alpine foreland based on studies of animal bones. Environmental Archaeology 11(1): 49-65

Other websites change

  Media related to Chur at Wikimedia Commons