Clarke County, Alabama

county in Alabama, United States

Clarke County is a county of the U.S. state of Alabama. As of 2010, 25,833 people lived there. The county seat is Grove Hill.

Clarke County
Clarke County Courthouse in Grove Hill, Alabama
Clarke County Courthouse in Grove Hill, Alabama
Map of Alabama highlighting Clarke County
Location within the U.S. state of Alabama
Map of the United States highlighting Alabama
Alabama's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 31°40′25″N 87°50′17″W / 31.673611111111°N 87.838055555556°W / 31.673611111111; -87.838055555556
Country United States
State Alabama
FoundedDecember 10, 1812
SeatGrove Hill
Largest cityJackson
Area
 • Total1,252.51 sq mi (3,244.0 km2)
 • Land1,238.38 sq mi (3,207.4 km2)
 • Water14.13 sq mi (36.6 km2)  (1.13%)%
Population
 (2010)
 • Total25,833
 • Density20/sq mi (8/km2)

HistoryEdit

Clarke County was formed on December 10, 1812 by the Mississippi Territory. It is named in honor of General John Clarke of Georgia, who was later elected governor of that state.[1] The county had many forts, built by settlers for protection during the Creek War (1813-1814). One of the most notable was Fort Sinquefield.[2]

The first county seat was Clarkesville, formed in 1820. The seat was moved to Macon, later renamed Grove Hill, in 1831. During the American Civil War, the county was notable for its salt production.[1]

Major highwaysEdit

Border countiesEdit

SettlementsEdit

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Former communitiesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Clarke County: A Brief History". Clarke County Historical Museum. Retrieved 3 January 2009.
  2. "Fort Sinquefield". Clarke County Historical Museum. Retrieved July 27, 2011.