Clement Attlee

former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

Clement Richard Attlee, 1st Earl Attlee KG OM CH PC FRS (3 January 1883 – 8 October 1967) was a British politician. He was the first Labour prime minister with a majority in government, and was very important in the setting up of the welfare state. He was prime minister from 1945 to 1951. He was made a member of the House of Lords after he retired, and became the first Earl Attlee.

The Earl Attlee

Clement Attlee.jpg
Clement Attlee (1950)
Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
In office
26 July 1945 – 26 October 1951
MonarchGeorge VI
Preceded byWinston Churchill
Succeeded byWinston Churchill
Leader of the Opposition
In office
26 October 1951 – 25 November 1955
Prime Minister
Preceded byWinston Churchill
In office
25 October 1935 – 11 May 1940
Prime Minister
Leader of the Labour Party
In office
25 October 1935 – 7 December 1955
Succeeded byHugh Gaitskell
Personal details
Clement Richard Attlee

(1883-01-03)3 January 1883
Putney, Surrey, England
Died8 October 1967(1967-10-08) (aged 84)
Westminster, London, England
Resting placeWestminster Abbey
Political partyLabour
Violet Millar
(m. 1922; died 1964)
Alma materUniversity College, Oxford
  • Lawyer
  • politician
  • soldier
Military service
Branch/service British Army
Years of service1914–1919

Attlee died of pneumonia in 1967. He is buried in Westminster Abbey.

Early life and educationEdit

Attlee was born in Putney. Attlee was educated at Haileybury College. He graduated from University College, Oxford with a Second Class Honours BA in Modern History in 1904.


Attlee began a career as a barrister after graduating from Oxford. This lasted for two years. He then worked as manager of Haileybury House in East London. Attlee's work at the House inspired him to become a socialist. In 1907 he joined the Fabian Society. In 1908 he joined the Independent Labour Party. In 1911, he was employed by the UK Government. In 1919 Attlee became Mayor of Stepney. He was elected to Parliament in 1922 as the MP for Limehouse., In 1935 he was elected leader of the Labour Party. From 1942 to 1945 he was deputy prime minister. Attlee resigned as party leader after Labour lost the 1955 election. He was made a member of the Order of Merit in 1951 and a Knight of the Garter in 1956. In 1958 he started the Homosexual Reform Society with Bertrand Russell.