County of Portugal

county in Southwestern Europe between 843-1139

The County of Portugal (Portuguese: Condado de Portugal, Condado Portucalense, Condado de Portucale; in documents of the period the name used was Portugalia[1]) refers to two successive medieval counties in the region around Braga and Porto, today corresponding to littoral northern Portugal, within which the identity of the Portuguese people formed. The first county existed from the mid-ninth to the mid-eleventh centuries as a vassalage of the Kingdom of Asturias and later the Kingdoms of Galicia and León, before being abolished as a result of rebellion. A larger entity under the same name was then reestablished in the late 11th century and subsequently elevated by its count in the mid-12th century into an independent Kingdom of Portugal.

County of Portugal
Condado Portucalense
Condado de Portugal
868–1139
Flag of Portugal
Second County of Portugal
Second County of Portugal
StatusVassalage of the Kingdoms of Asturias, Galicia and León
CapitalGuimarães
Common languagesOld Portuguese
Mozarabic
Andalusian Arabic
Religion
Roman Catholicism
Islam
Judaism
GovernmentFeudal monarchy
Count of Portugal 
• 868–873
Vímara Peres (first of the first county)
• 1050–1071
Nuno II Mendes (last of the first county; Brief Annexation to the Kingdom of León
• 1096–1112
Henry of Burgundy (first of second county)
• 1112–1139
Afonso Henriques (last of the second county)
History 
• Established
868
1139
ISO 3166 codePT
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Emirate of Córdoba
Emblema del Reino de Asturias.svg Kingdom of Asturias
Kingdom of Galicia
Kingdom of León
Kingdom of Portugal
Today part of Portugal
 Galicia

ReferencesEdit

  1. Ribeiro, Ângelo; Hermano, José (2004), História de Portugal I – A Formação do Território [History of Portugal: The Formation of the Territory] (in Portuguese), QuidNovi, ISBN 989-554-106-6